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Factors related to a successful professional development for specialist nurses in surgical care: a cross-sectional study
Division of Nursing Science, Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Department of Surgery, Linköping University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Surgery Sahlgrenska, Region Västra Götaland, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Department of Surgical Sciences, Nursing Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Unit for Public Health and Statistics, County Council of Östergötland, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
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2023 (English)In: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 22, no 1, article id 79Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: A high level of competence among staff is necessary for providing patient-safe surgical care. Knowledge regarding what factors contribute to the professional development of specialist nurses in surgical care and why they choose to remain in the workplace despite high work requirements is needed. To investigate and describe the organizational and social work environment of specialist nurses in surgical care as part of studying factors that impact on professional development.

METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study with a strategic convenience sampling procedure that recruited 73 specialist nurses in surgical care in Sweden between October to December 2021. The study was guided by STROBE Statement and checklist of cross-sectional studies. The validated Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire was used, and additional demographic data. Descriptive statistics were performed and the comparison to the population benchmarks was presented as the mean with a 95% confidence interval. To study potential differences among the demographic and professional characteristics, pairwise t tests were used with Bonferroni adjustment for multiple comparisons with a significance level of 5%.

RESULTS: Five domains were identified as factors related to success, as they received higher scores in relation to population benchmarks: quality of leadership, variation of work, meaning of work and work engagement as well as job insecurity. There was also a significant association between a having a manager with low nursing education and job insecurity (p = 0.021).

CONCLUSIONS: Quality of leadership is important for the professional development of specialist nurses in surgical care. Strategic work seems to include managers with a higher nursing education level to prevent insecure professional working conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central (BMC), 2023. Vol. 22, no 1, article id 79
Keywords [en]
Clinical competence, Leadership, Professional competence, Surgical nursing, Working condition
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-58851DOI: 10.1186/s12912-023-01258-0ISI: 000951329200002PubMedID: 36949475Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85150917636OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-58851DiVA, id: diva2:1746173
Available from: 2023-03-27 Created: 2023-03-27 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Jakobsson, Jenny

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