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Standardised Tool for the Assessment of Bruxism
Department of Biomedical Technologies, School of Dentistry University of Siena Siena Italy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4352-3085
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial, Diseases University of Helsinki Helsinki Finland.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6052-0441
Department of Orofacial Pain and Dysfunction, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA) University of Amsterdam and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Amsterdam The Netherlands.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6677-7897
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Texas A&M School of Dentistry Dallas Texas USA.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5454-464X
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2024 (English)In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, E-ISSN 1365-2842, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 29-58Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: This paper aims to present and describe the Standardised Tool for the Assessment of Bruxism (STAB), an instrument that was developed to provide a multidimensional evaluation of bruxism status, comorbid conditions, aetiology and consequences.

Methods: The rationale for creating the tool and the road map that led to the selection of items included in the STAB has been discussed in previous publications.

Results: The tool consists of two axes, specifically dedicated to the evaluation of bruxism status and consequences (Axis A) and of bruxism risk and etiological factors and comorbid conditions (Axis B). The tool includes 14 domains, accounting for a total of 66 items. Axis A includes the self-reported information on bruxism status and possible consequences (subject-based report) together with the clinical (examiner report) and instrumental (technology report) assessment. The Subject-Based Assessment (SBA) includes domains on Sleep Bruxism (A1), Awake Bruxism (A2) and Patient's Complaints (A3), with information based on patients' self-report. The Clinically Based Assessment (CBA) includes domains on Joints and Muscles (A4), Intra- and Extra-Oral Tissues (A5) and Teeth and Restorations (A6), based on information collected by an examiner. The Instrumentally Based Assessment (IBA) includes domains on Sleep Bruxism (A7), Awake Bruxism (A8) and the use of Additional Instruments (A9), based on the information gathered with the use of technological devices. Axis B includes the self-reported information (subject-based report) on factors and conditions that may have an etiological or comorbid association with bruxism. It includes domains on Psychosocial Assessment (B1), Concurrent Sleep-related Conditions Assessment (B2), Concurrent Non-Sleep Conditions Assessment (B3), Prescribed Medications and Use of Substances Assessment (B4) and Additional Factors Assessment (B5). As a rule, whenever possible, existing instruments, either in full or partial form (i.e. specific subscales), are included. A user's guide for scoring the different items is also provided to ease administration.

Conclusions: The instrument is now ready for on-field testing and further refinement. It can be anticipated that it will help in collecting data on bruxism in such a comprehensive way to have an impact on several clinical and research fields.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2024. Vol. 51, no 1, p. 29-58
Keywords [en]
STAB, assessment, awake bruxism, bruxism, diagnosis, sleep bruxism.
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-58481DOI: 10.1111/joor.13411ISI: 000931474300001PubMedID: 36597658Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85180535309OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-58481DiVA, id: diva2:1740745
Available from: 2023-03-02 Created: 2023-03-02 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Häggman-Henrikson, BirgittaSvensson, Peter

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Manfredini, DanieleAhlberg, JariAarab, GhizlaneBender, StevenBracci, AlessandroCistulli, Peter A.Conti, Paulo CesarEmodi‐Perlman, AlonaHäggman-Henrikson, BirgittaKato, TakafumiKlasser, GaryKoutris, MichailLavigne, Gilles J.Peroz, IngridSvensson, PeterLobbezoo, Frank
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Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
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