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Comparison of Oxygen Electrode Chronoamperometry and Spectrophotometry for Determination of Catalase Activity
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV). Malmö University, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV). Malmö University, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
Malmö University, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces. Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0304-7528
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV). Malmö University, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6254-8539
2023 (English)In: Oxygen, E-ISSN 2673-9801, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 77-89Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Catalase is a key antioxidative enzyme, and a deficiency or malfunction of catalase is hypothesized to be related to various diseases. To investigate catalase activity, it is important to use reliable methods and experimental protocols enabling consistent fallouts. One major problem, however, is that the activity values obtained with different techniques and procedures can vary to a large extent. The aim of this work was to identify experimental conditions that provide similar catalase activity values with two different methods based on either spectrophotometry or chronoam- perometry. The investigated parameters include the concentration of catalase and its substrate (H2O2), as well as the effect of deoxygenation of the catalase medium by nitrogen (N2). Within the frame of investigated conditions, we show that spectrophotometry is strongly affected by the catalase concen- tration, whereas chronoamperometry is shown to be more dependent on the substrate concentration. Deoxygenation leads to elevated catalase activity values in the case of chronoamperometry, whereas it shows no influence on the results obtained with spectrophotometry. In particular, in the case of low substrate concentrations (i.e., low catalase reaction rates), higher and more accurate results are obtained with deoxygenation in the case of chronoamperometry measurements due to minimized oxygen escape. The effect of deoxygenation, giving rise to elevated catalase activity values, however, is not statistically significant at high substrate concentrations, implying that the protocol can be sim- plified by excluding this step as long as the other parameters are optimized. Finally, by comparing the two methods at different experimental conditions, we identified protocols resulting in similar results, i.e., 10 mM H2O2 and catalase activity of 4–5 U/mL. Based on this work, improved consistency of catalase activity data obtained with different methodologies and in different labs is expected.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2023. Vol. 3, no 1, p. 77-89
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Chemical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-58452DOI: 10.3390/oxygen3010006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-58452DiVA, id: diva2:1740548
Available from: 2023-03-01 Created: 2023-03-01 Last updated: 2023-09-27Bibliographically approved

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Szczepanczyk, MichalRuzgas, TautgirdasBjörklund, Sebastian

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