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Registered nurses' experiences of providing respiratory care in relation to hospital- acquired pneumonia at in-patient stroke units: a qualitative descriptive study
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Department of Nursing Education, Lovisenberg Diaconal University College, 0456, Oslo, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7934-6949
Department of Neurology, Skåne University Hospital, SE-222 42, Malmö, Sweden.
Department of Neurology, Skåne University Hospital, SE-222 42, Malmö, Sweden.
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5493-8334
2020 (English)In: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 19, no 1, article id 124Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe registered nurses' (RNs) experiences of providing respiratory care in relation to hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP), specifically among patients with acute stroke being cared for at in-patient stroke units.

BACKGROUND: One of the most common and serious respiratory complications associated with acute stroke is HAP. Respiratory care is among the fundamentals of patient care, and thus competency in this field is expected as part of nursing training. However, there is a paucity of literature detailing RNs' experiences with respiratory care in relation to HAP, specifically among patients with acute stroke, in the context of stroke units. As such, there is a need to expand the knowledge base relating to respiratory care focusing on HAP, to assist with evidence-based nursing.

DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study.

METHOD: Eleven RNs working in four different acute stroke units in Southern Sweden participated in the current study. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews, and the transcribed interviews were analysed using inductive content analysis.

RESULTS: Three overarching categories were identified: (1), awareness of risk assessments and risk factors for HAP (2) targeting HAP through multiple nursing care actions, and (3) challenges in providing respiratory care to patients in risk of HAP. These reflected the similarities and differences in the experiences that RNs had with providing respiratory care in relation to HAP among in-patients with acute stroke.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings from this study suggest that the RNs experience organisational challenges in providing respiratory care for HAP among patients with acute stroke. Respiratory care plays a vital role in the identification and prevention of HAP, but our findings imply that RNs' knowledge needs to be improved, the fundamentals of nursing care need to be prioritised, and evidence-based guidelines must be implemented. RNs would also benefit from further education and support, in order to lead point-of-care nursing in multidisciplinary stroke teams.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central (BMC), 2020. Vol. 19, no 1, article id 124
Keywords [en]
Content analysis, Fundamentals of care, Nursing, Qualitative research, Stroke care
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-37780DOI: 10.1186/s12912-020-00518-7ISI: 000601211100001PubMedID: 33342427Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85097824197OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-37780DiVA, id: diva2:1514320
Available from: 2021-01-05 Created: 2021-01-05 Last updated: 2023-10-24Bibliographically approved

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Borglin, GunillaAxelsson, Malin

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