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The structure of observed learning outcome (SOLO) taxonomy: a model to promote dental students’ learning
Malmö högskola, School of Technology (TS).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7480-201X
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
2010 (English)In: European journal of dental education, ISSN 1396-5883, E-ISSN 1600-0579, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 145-150Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Selective memorising of isolated facts or reproducing what is thought to be required – the surface approach to learning – is not the desired outcome for a dental student or a dentist in practice. The preferred outcome is a deep approach as defined by an intention to seek understanding, develop expertise and relate information and knowledge into a coherent whole. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the structure of observed learning outcome (SOLO) taxonomy could be used as a model to assist and promote the dental students to develop a deep approach to learning assessed as learning outcomes in a summative assessment. Thirty-two students, participating in course eight in 2007 at the Faculty of Odontology at Malmo¨ University, were introduced to the SOLO taxonomy and constituted the test group. The control group consisted of 35 students participating in course eight in 2006. The effect of the introduction was measured by evaluating responses to a question in the summative assessment by using the SOLO taxonomy. The evaluators consisted of two teachers who performed the assessment of learning outcomes independently and separately on the coded material. The SOLO taxonomy as a model for learning was found to improve the quality of learning. Compared to the control group significantly more strings and structured relations between these strings were present in the test group after the SOLO taxonomy had been introduced (P < 0.01, one tailed test for both results). The SOLO taxonomy is recommended as a model for promoting and developing a deeper approach to learning in dentistry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2010. Vol. 14, no 3, p. 145-150
Keywords [en]
promoting deep approach to learning
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-16082DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0579.2009.00607.xISI: 000280127000004PubMedID: 20646040Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77955132074Local ID: 10654OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-16082DiVA, id: diva2:1419604
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Lucander, HenrietteBondemark, LarsKnutsson, Kerstin

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