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Towards Emergent Configurations in the Internet of Things
Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8025-4734
2018 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a fast-spreading technology that enables new types of services in several domains, such as transportation, health, and building automation. To exploit the potential of the IoT effectively, several challenges have to be tackled including the following ones. First, the proposed IoT visions provide a fragmented picture, leading to a lack of consensus about IoT systems and their constituents. A second set of challenges concerns the environment of IoT systems that is often dynamic and uncertain, e.g. devices can appear and be discovered at runtime as well as become suddenly unavailable. Additionally, the in- volvement of human users complicates the scene as people’s activities are not always predictable . The majority of existing approaches to en- gineer IoT systems rely on predefined processes to achieve users’ goals. Consequently, such systems have significant shortcomings in coping with dynamic and uncertain environments. To piece together the fragmented picture of IoT systems, we sys- tematically identified their characteristics by analyzing and synthesizing existing taxonomies. To address the challenges related to the IoT envir- onment and the involvement of human users, we used the concept of Emergent Configurations (ECs) to engineer IoT systems. An EC consists of a dynamic set of devices that cooperate temporarily to achieve a user goal. To realize this vision, we proposed novel approaches that enable users to achieve their goals by supporting the automated formation, en- actment, and self-adaptation of IoT systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö university. Faculty of Technology and Society , 2018. , p. 151
Series
Studies in Computer Science ; 8
Keywords [en]
Emergent Configurations, Internet of Things, Software Architectures, Self Adaptive Systems
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-7795DOI: 10.24834/2043/26522Local ID: 26522ISBN: 9789171049582 (print)ISBN: 9789171049599 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-7795DiVA, id: diva2:1404736
Presentation
2018-12-21, Niagara B1, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2023-12-28Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Characterizing Internet of Things Systems through Taxonomies: A Systematic Mapping Study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Characterizing Internet of Things Systems through Taxonomies: A Systematic Mapping Study
2019 (English)In: Internet of Things: Engineering Cyber Physical Human Systems, E-ISSN 2542-6605, Vol. 7, article id 100084Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During the last decade, a large number of different definitions and taxonomies of Internet of Things (IoT) systems have been proposed. This has resulted in a fragmented picture and a lack of consensus about IoT systems and their constituents. To provide a better understanding of this issue and a way forward, we have conducted a Systematic Mapping Study (SMS) of existing IoT System taxonomies. In addition, we propose a characterization of IoT systems synthesized from the existing taxonomies, which provides a more holistic view of IoT systems than previous taxonomies. It includes seventeen characteristics, divided into two groups: elements and quality aspects. Finally, by analyzing the results of the SMS, we draw future research directions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Internet of Things (IoT), Characterization of IoT systems, Systematic Mapping Study (SMS), Taxonomies
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1245 (URN)10.1016/j.iot.2019.100084 (DOI)000695693700007 ()2-s2.0-85081397939 (Scopus ID)29642 (Local ID)29642 (Archive number)29642 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-02-06Bibliographically approved
2. Emergent Configurations in the Internet of Things as System of Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emergent Configurations in the Internet of Things as System of Systems
2017 (English)In: Proceedings: 2017 IEEE/ACM Joint 5th International Workshop on Software Engineering for Systems-of-Systems and 11th Workshop on Distributed Software Development, Software Ecosystems and Systems-of-Systems (JSOS), IEEE, 2017, p. 70-71Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Systems of Systems (SoS) and the Internet of Things (IoT) have many common characteristics. For example, their constituents are heterogeneous, often autonomous, and distributed. Moreover, both IoT systems and SoS achieve their intended goals by means of the dynamic collaboration and coordination among their constituents. In this paper, by using the notion of Emergent Configurations (ECs) as a means to engineer IoT systems, we show how ECs in the IoT can be regarded both as systems and SoS by exploiting two scenarios.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2017
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-12467 (URN)10.1109/JSOS.2017.6 (DOI)000414481900012 ()2-s2.0-85026366715 (Scopus ID)24100 (Local ID)24100 (Archive number)24100 (OAI)
Conference
SESoS/WDES: Joint 5th International Workshop on Software Engineering for Systems-of-Systems and 11th Workshop on Distributed Software Development, Software Ecosystems and Systems-of-Systems, Buenos Aires, Argentina (May 23, 2017)
Available from: 2020-02-29 Created: 2020-02-29 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
3. Architecting Emergent Configurations in the Internet of Things
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Architecting Emergent Configurations in the Internet of Things
2017 (English)In: Proceedings: 2017 IEEE International Conference on Software Architecture (ICSA), IEEE, 2017, p. 221-224Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Internet of Things (IoT) has a great potential to change our lives. Billions of heterogeneous, distributed, intelligent, and sometimes mobile devices, will be connected and offer new types of applications and ways to interact. The dynamic environment of the IoT, the involvement of the human in the loop, and the runtime interactions among devices and applications, put additional requirements on the systems' architecture. In this paper, we use the Emergent Configurations (ECs) concept as a way to engineer IoT systems and propose an architecture for ECs. More specifically, we discuss (i) how connected devices and applications form ECs to achieve users' goals and (ii) how applications are run and adapted in response to runtime context changes including, e.g., the sudden unavailability of devices, by exploiting the Smart Meeting Room case.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2017
Keywords
Internet of Things, Emergent Configurations, Architecture, Self-adaptation.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-12616 (URN)10.1109/ICSA.2017.37 (DOI)000403402100028 ()2-s2.0-85021428979 (Scopus ID)24105 (Local ID)24105 (Archive number)24105 (OAI)
Conference
International Conference on Software Architecture (Workshops), Gothenburg, Sweden (April 3-7, 2017)
Available from: 2020-02-29 Created: 2020-02-29 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
4. A Commitment-Based Approach to Realize Emergent Configurations in the Internet of Things
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Commitment-Based Approach to Realize Emergent Configurations in the Internet of Things
2017 (English)In: Software Architecture Workshops (ICSAW), 2017 IEEE International Conference on, IEEE, 2017, p. 88-91Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Internet of Things (IoT) involves intelligent, heterogeneous, autonomous and often distributed things which interact and collaborate to achieve common goals. A useful concept for supporting this effort is Emergent Configuration (EC), which consists of a dynamic set of things, with their functionalities and services, that cooperate temporarily to achieve a goal. In this paper we introduce a commitment-based approach that exploits the concept of commitments to realize ECs. More specifically, (i) we present a conceptual model for commitment-based ECs, (ii) we use the smart meeting room scenario to illustrate how ECs are realized via commitments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2017
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-12353 (URN)10.1109/ICSAW.2017.55 (DOI)000413089000017 ()2-s2.0-85025677705 (Scopus ID)24097 (Local ID)24097 (Archive number)24097 (OAI)
Conference
International Conference on Software Architecture (Workshops), Gothenburg, Sweden (April 5-7, 2017)
Available from: 2020-02-29 Created: 2020-02-29 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Alkhabbas, Fahed

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