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Concept analysis: patient autonomy in a caring context
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
2014 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 10, no 70, p. 2208-2221Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper is a report of an analysis of the concept of patient autonomy. Many problems regarding patient autonomy in healthcare contexts derive from the patient´s dependent condition as well as the traditional authoritarian position of healthcare professionals. Existing knowledge and experince reveal a lack of consensus among nurses regarding the meaning of this ethical concept. This is a concept analysis with data sources: MedLine, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library and PsycINFO, searched 2005-June 2013 using the search blocks 'autonomy', 'patient', and 'nursing/caring'. A total of 41 articles were retrieved. The Evolutionary Method of Concept Analysis by Rodgers was used to identify and construct the meaning of the concept of patient autonomy in a caring context. Five attributes were identified, thus creating the following descriptive definition: 'Patient autonomy is a gradual, time-changing process of (re-)constructing autonomy through the interplay of to be seen as a person, the capacity to act and the obligation to take responsibility for one's actions'. Patient vulnerability was shown to be the antecedent of patient autonomy and arises due to an impairment of a person's physical and/or mental state. The consequences of patient autonomy were discussed in relation to preserving control and freedom. Conclusion: Patient autonomy in a caring context does not need to be the same before, during and after a care episod. A tentative model has been constructed, thus extending the understanding of this critical concept in a caring context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2014. Vol. 10, no 70, p. 2208-2221
Keywords [en]
caring, concept analysis, nurses, nursing, patient autonomy
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-5235DOI: 10.1111/jan.12412ISI: 000342986100005PubMedID: 25209751Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84925437952Local ID: 19779OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-5235DiVA, id: diva2:1402089
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Willman, Ania

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