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General Versus Vocational Education and Employment Integration of Immigrants in Sweden
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1595-4360
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
2010 (English)In: Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, ISSN 1556-2948, E-ISSN 1556-2956, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 158-192Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article investigates the effect of human capital on the employment acquisition of foreign-born men and women in Sweden. Besides categorizing different levels of education, a distinction is made between type of education, general and vocational, and where education is obtained, home or host country. The data used is based on register data for the year 2003 held by Statistics Sweden. The population under consideration is the total population subdivided by the following countries of birth: Sweden, Former Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Poland, Romania, Chile, Germany, Iraq, Iran, and Lebanon. The analysis shows that foreign-born individuals have a higher probability of employment with a vocational and host country education as opposed to a general and home country education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, Taylor & Francis group , 2010. Vol. 8, no 2, p. 158-192
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-2007DOI: 10.1080/15562948.2010.480879ISI: 000212277900003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77953434386Local ID: 11149OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-2007DiVA, id: diva2:1398749
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-02-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Swedish Match? Education, Migration and Labor market Integration in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish Match? Education, Migration and Labor market Integration in Sweden
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Avhandlingen syftar till att analysera och undersöka utbildningens roll för både immigranter och deras barn när det gäller att säkra en plats på den svenska arbetsmarknaden. Med andra ord handlar avhandlingen om relationen mellan utbildning och arbete. Följande frågor står i fokus: Vilken roll, om någon, spelar typen av utbildning för arbetsmarknadsinträdet? I vilken utsträckning matchar individens utbildning arbetets kompetensnivå? Finns det skillnader i matchningen mellan utbildning och arbetets kompetensnivå mellan grupper födda i olika länder? Har barnen till immigranter en högre yrkesmässig matchning än sina föräldrar? Hur ser relationen mellan utbildning och arbete ut när en stor del av populationen har fått sin utbildning i ett annat land? Avhandlingen består av ett inledande kapitel där resultaten från de tre självständiga artiklarna diskuteras. Den första artikeln fokuserar på möjligheterna att säkra ett arbete i paritet med individens utbildning och karaktäristika. Artikel två och tre fokuserar på den yrkesmässiga matchningen på den svenska arbetsmarknaden, med andra ord huruvida individer har arbeten som motsvarar deras utbildningsnivå. Artikel två fokuserar på immigranter och artikel tre på immigranternas barn. Avhandlingen visar att framgång på arbetsmarknaden i termer av sysselsättningsgrad och yrkesmässig matchning beror på individuell karaktäristik såsom födelseland, tid i landet och typ av utbildning (generell och yrkesutbildning). Det finns stora skillnader mellan de som har en yrkesutbildning och de som har en generell utbildning. De som har en yrkesutbildning har också högre sannolikhet att få ett arbete. De största skillnaderna märks i yrkesmässig mismatch, där utrikes födda är överrepresenterade bland dem som arbetar på en lägre kompetensnivå än vad de har utbildning till, samtidigt som inrikes födda är överrepresenterade bland dem som arbetar på en högre kompetensnivå än vad de har utbildning till. Resultaten i artikel tre visar att immigranternas barn har en starkare position än sina föräldrar när det gäller yrkesmässig matchning.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the thesis is to analyze and examine the role of education, for both immigrants and their descendants, in the process of becoming a part of the labor market of the host society. In other words, the relationship between education and work. The questions addressed in the thesis are: Does type of education matter for labor market access? Does the educational level of the individual match the skill level of the job: Is the occupational match dissimilar for different country of birth groups? Do the children of immigrants have a higher occupational match than their parents? What does the relationship between education and work look like when a part of the population has obtained their education in another country? The thesis consists of an introductory chapter in which the results from the three independent articles are discussed. The first article focuses on the chances of getting a job in the Swedish labor market depending on the individuals’ background and education. Article two and three focus on the occupational match and mismatch in the Swedish labor market, i.e. the degree to which individuals work in jobs where the skill level of the job correspond to the educational level of the individual. Article two focuses on the immigrant generation and article three on the descendant generation. The thesis shows that success on the labor market in terms of employment rate and occupational match depends on individual characteristics such as country of birth, time in the country and type of education (general or vocational). There is a large difference between those who have a vocational education and those who do not, in that the former have a higher chance of obtaining employment that matches their education. The largest differences can be seen in the occupational mismatch where the foreign born population are over-represented among those who are working on a lower skill-level than their educational level, at the same time as the native-born population are over-represented among those who are working on a skill-level that is above their educational level. Article three shows that the descendant generation does better than the parental generation in terms of occupational match.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society, 2017. p. 75
Series
Dissertation Series in Migration, Urbanisation, and Societal Change ; 2
Keywords
Integration, Labor market, Occupational Match
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-7433 (URN)10.24834/2043/23356 (DOI)23356 (Local ID)978-91-7104-785-4 (ISBN)978-91-7104-786-1 (ISBN)23356 (Archive number)23356 (OAI)
Public defence
2017-11-24, Niagara Sal: NI:C0E11 Hörsal C, Malmö, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
2. Education and labor market integration: the role of formal education in the process of ensuring a place in the occupational structure for natives and immigrants
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Education and labor market integration: the role of formal education in the process of ensuring a place in the occupational structure for natives and immigrants
2009 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Department of International Migration and Ethnic Relations (IMER), 2009
Series
Malmö Studies in International Migration and Ethnic Relations, ISSN 1652-3997 ; 7Faculty of Arts and Sciences thesis, ISSN 1401-4637 ; 98
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-7449 (URN)10205 (Local ID)978-91-7393-489-3 (ISBN)978-91-7104-086-2 (ISBN)10205 (Archive number)10205 (OAI)
Note

Paper I in thesis as accepted manuscript with title "The Importance of Where and What". Paper II in thesis as manuscript.

Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2024-03-14Bibliographically approved

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Dahlstedt, IngeBevelander, Pieter

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