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Pressure and violence: Housing renovation and displacement in Sweden
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6361-3793
Institute for Housing and Urban Research, Uppsala University, Sweden.
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Department of People and Technology, Roskilde University, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0204-4336
Institute for Housing and Urban Research, Uppsala University, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 631-651Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on interview material relating to the current wave of housing renovation in Swedish cities, this article will analyse the profit-driven, traumatic and violent displacement in the wake of contemporary large-scale renovation processes of the so-called Million Program housing estates from the 1960s and 1970s. We maintain that the current form of displacement (through renovation) has become a regularized profit strategy, for both public and private housing companies in Sweden. We will pay special attention to Marcuse’s notion of ‘displacement pressure’ which refers not only to actual displacement but also to the anxieties, uncertainties, insecurities and temporalities that arise from possible displacement due to significant rent increases after renovation and from the course of events preceding the actual rent increase. Examples of the many insidious forms in which this pressure manifests itself will be given – examples that illustrate the hypocritical nature of much planning discourse and rhetoric of urban renewal. We illustrate how seemingly unspectacular measures and tactics deployed in the renovation processes have far-reaching consequences for tenants exposed to actual or potential displacement. Displacement and displacement pressure due to significant rent increases (which is profit-driven but justified by invoking the ‘technical necessity’ of renovation) undermines the ‘right to dwell’ and the right to exert a reasonable level of power over one’s basic living conditions, with all the physical and mental benefits that entails – regardless of whether displacement fears materialize in actual displacement or not.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017. Vol. 49, no 3, p. 631-651
Keywords [en]
Displacement, public housing, renovation, urban renewal
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1923DOI: 10.1177/0308518X16676271ISI: 000399247700011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85012966861Local ID: 22238OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-1923DiVA, id: diva2:1398655
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-06-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Original Sin: On displacement through renoviction in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Original Sin: On displacement through renoviction in Sweden
2020 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Malmö University & Roskilde University, 2020. p. 182
Series
Dissertation Series in Migration, Urbanisation, and Societal Change ; 13
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Urban studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-37054 (URN)10.24834/isbn.9789178771448 (DOI)978-91-7877-143-1 (ISBN)978-91-7877-144-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2020-12-18, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-12-01 Created: 2020-12-01 Last updated: 2023-10-25Bibliographically approved

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Baeten, GuyPull, Emil

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