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Recruitment to Occupations with a Surplus of Workers: The Unexpected Outcomes of Swedish Demand-Driven Labour Migration Policy
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
2016 (English)In: International migration (Geneva. Print), ISSN 0020-7985, E-ISSN 1468-2435, Vol. 54, no 2, p. 5-17Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article studies the outcomes of the 2008 labour-migration policy change in Sweden, when most state control was abolished and an employer-led selection was introduced. The main goal was to increase labour migration from third countries to occupational sectors experiencing labour shortages. The article compares the volume, composition and labour-market status of labour migrants who arrived before the change in the law with those who arrived after. Labour migrants from EU countries are used as a control group to assess any eventual influence from non-migration policy determinants. The main outcome of the policy change is that non-EU labour migration increased – an effect entirely due to the rise in labour migration to surplus occupations. Changes in the composition of the labour migrants explains why those who came after the law change have, on average, a worse labour market position.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2016. Vol. 54, no 2, p. 5-17
Keywords [en]
labour migration
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1790DOI: 10.1111/imig.12222ISI: 000372920300002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84962914880Local ID: 20034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-1790DiVA, id: diva2:1398522
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-02-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Paper planes: labour migration, integration policy and the state
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Paper planes: labour migration, integration policy and the state
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation collects four peer-reviewed articles that are published in academic journals. Two of the articles are about the multi-level governance of integration polices, and two study the effects of labour migration policies. The two topics are tied together by an introduction where a common theme of the articles is discussed – the role of the state. Based on the results of my four articles, I argue that the relevance of the state as a unit of analysis is still strong and impossible to ignore if one wants to understand the patterns of migration and the conditions which migrant newcomers face in their countries of residence. When the Swedish labour migration policy was changed, and the veto of the unions and the state (the Employment Service) was abolished, it enabled social networks and market forces to play out more freely, which led to an increase in labour migration. The Swedish 2008 labour migration policy was designed to solve labour shortages. However, the effect of the new law was mainly the creation of new opportunities for migrants to get work permits and visas to Sweden in order to apply for asylum or work in low-skilled jobs in sectors without labour shortages. Thus, state policies do matter, even if not always in the way in which policymakers intend them to. The state has also tightened its grip on local integration policies in both Denmark and Sweden, despite very different overall policies. Where Denmark´s civic integration policies have formed a tighter relationship between the state and the individual, the Swedish way has been to centralise and standardise integration services and reduce local policy autonomy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö university, 2016. p. 82
Series
Dissertation Series in Migration, Urbanisation, and Societal Change ; 1
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-7436 (URN)21157 (Local ID)978-91-7104-730-4 (ISBN)978-91-7104-731-1 (ISBN)21157 (Archive number)21157 (OAI)
Public defence
2016-10-07, NIC0E11, Nordenskiöldsgatan 1, Malmö, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved

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Emilsson, Henrik

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