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A Local Dimension of Integration Policies? A Comparative Study of Berlin, Malmö, and Rotterdam
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö högskola, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
2015 (English)In: The international migration review, ISSN 0197-9183, E-ISSN 1747-7379, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 633-658Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines three theses on local integration policies by a qualitative comparative case study of integration policies in three cities in three different countries (Berlin, Malmö, and Rotterdam). We found little evidence of a congruent local dimension of integration policies. Local policies resemble their national policy frameworks fairly well in terms of policy approaches and domains. Our multi-level perspective shows that this is not the result of top-down hierarchical governance, but rather of a multilevel dynamic of two-way interaction. Local policy legacies and local politics matter and national policies are also influenced by local approaches of integration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2015. Vol. 49, no 3, p. 633-658
Keywords [en]
Local Integration Policy
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1513DOI: 10.1111/imre.12133ISI: 000363731800011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84941943000Local ID: 19848OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-1513DiVA, id: diva2:1398244
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-02-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Paper planes: labour migration, integration policy and the state
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Paper planes: labour migration, integration policy and the state
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation collects four peer-reviewed articles that are published in academic journals. Two of the articles are about the multi-level governance of integration polices, and two study the effects of labour migration policies. The two topics are tied together by an introduction where a common theme of the articles is discussed – the role of the state. Based on the results of my four articles, I argue that the relevance of the state as a unit of analysis is still strong and impossible to ignore if one wants to understand the patterns of migration and the conditions which migrant newcomers face in their countries of residence. When the Swedish labour migration policy was changed, and the veto of the unions and the state (the Employment Service) was abolished, it enabled social networks and market forces to play out more freely, which led to an increase in labour migration. The Swedish 2008 labour migration policy was designed to solve labour shortages. However, the effect of the new law was mainly the creation of new opportunities for migrants to get work permits and visas to Sweden in order to apply for asylum or work in low-skilled jobs in sectors without labour shortages. Thus, state policies do matter, even if not always in the way in which policymakers intend them to. The state has also tightened its grip on local integration policies in both Denmark and Sweden, despite very different overall policies. Where Denmark´s civic integration policies have formed a tighter relationship between the state and the individual, the Swedish way has been to centralise and standardise integration services and reduce local policy autonomy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö university, 2016. p. 82
Series
Dissertation Series in Migration, Urbanisation, and Societal Change ; 1
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-7436 (URN)21157 (Local ID)978-91-7104-730-4 (ISBN)978-91-7104-731-1 (ISBN)21157 (Archive number)21157 (OAI)
Public defence
2016-10-07, NIC0E11, Nordenskiöldsgatan 1, Malmö, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved

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Emilsson, Henrik

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