Publikationer från Malmö universitet
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Paper planes: labour migration, integration policy and the state
Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
2016 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation collects four peer-reviewed articles that are published in academic journals. Two of the articles are about the multi-level governance of integration polices, and two study the effects of labour migration policies. The two topics are tied together by an introduction where a common theme of the articles is discussed – the role of the state. Based on the results of my four articles, I argue that the relevance of the state as a unit of analysis is still strong and impossible to ignore if one wants to understand the patterns of migration and the conditions which migrant newcomers face in their countries of residence. When the Swedish labour migration policy was changed, and the veto of the unions and the state (the Employment Service) was abolished, it enabled social networks and market forces to play out more freely, which led to an increase in labour migration. The Swedish 2008 labour migration policy was designed to solve labour shortages. However, the effect of the new law was mainly the creation of new opportunities for migrants to get work permits and visas to Sweden in order to apply for asylum or work in low-skilled jobs in sectors without labour shortages. Thus, state policies do matter, even if not always in the way in which policymakers intend them to. The state has also tightened its grip on local integration policies in both Denmark and Sweden, despite very different overall policies. Where Denmark´s civic integration policies have formed a tighter relationship between the state and the individual, the Swedish way has been to centralise and standardise integration services and reduce local policy autonomy.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Malmö university , 2016. , s. 82
Serie
Dissertation Series in Migration, Urbanisation, and Societal Change ; 1
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-7436Lokalt ID: 21157ISBN: 978-91-7104-730-4 (tryckt)ISBN: 978-91-7104-731-1 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-7436DiVA, id: diva2:1404360
Disputation
2016-10-07, NIC0E11, Nordenskiöldsgatan 1, Malmö, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-28 Skapad: 2020-02-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-06-27Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. A Local Dimension of Integration Policies? A Comparative Study of Berlin, Malmö, and Rotterdam
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A Local Dimension of Integration Policies? A Comparative Study of Berlin, Malmö, and Rotterdam
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: The international migration review, ISSN 0197-9183, E-ISSN 1747-7379, Vol. 49, nr 3, s. 633-658Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines three theses on local integration policies by a qualitative comparative case study of integration policies in three cities in three different countries (Berlin, Malmö, and Rotterdam). We found little evidence of a congruent local dimension of integration policies. Local policies resemble their national policy frameworks fairly well in terms of policy approaches and domains. Our multi-level perspective shows that this is not the result of top-down hierarchical governance, but rather of a multilevel dynamic of two-way interaction. Local policy legacies and local politics matter and national policies are also influenced by local approaches of integration.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2015
Nyckelord
Local Integration Policy
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1513 (URN)10.1111/imre.12133 (DOI)000363731800011 ()2-s2.0-84941943000 (Scopus ID)19848 (Lokalt ID)19848 (Arkivnummer)19848 (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-27 Skapad: 2020-02-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-06Bibliografiskt granskad
2. A national turn of local integration policy: multi-level governance dynamics in Denmark and Sweden
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A national turn of local integration policy: multi-level governance dynamics in Denmark and Sweden
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Comparative Migration Studies, ISSN 2214-8590, E-ISSN 2214-594X, Vol. 3, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a growing interest in the research community in the local governance of migration and integration. Studies indicate a local turn in integration policies, with local governments becoming important integration policy actors. Unlike most research, this study of recent developments in the policies for migrant newcomers in Denmark and Sweden observes a national turn in local integration policy. Despite their different integration policies, the central governments of both countries have increased their control and influence at the local level and thereby made it more difficult for local governments to formulate their own integration policies. This study highlights the need to complement earlier research based on frame analysis with an analytical framework that takes central government steering and the uneven power relationship between the levels of government into account.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2015
Nyckelord
Local integration policy, Multi-level governance, Sweden, Denmark, National integration models
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1885 (URN)10.1186/s40878-015-0008-5 (DOI)2-s2.0-84988506317 (Scopus ID)19869 (Lokalt ID)19869 (Arkivnummer)19869 (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-27 Skapad: 2020-02-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-30Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Who Gets In and Why: The Swedish Experience with Demand Driven Labour Migration, Some preliminary Results
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Who Gets In and Why: The Swedish Experience with Demand Driven Labour Migration, Some preliminary Results
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 4, nr 3, s. 134-143Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
De Gruyter Open, 2014
Nyckelord
Labour migration
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1933 (URN)10.2478/njmr-2014-0017 (DOI)000436706000005 ()18111 (Lokalt ID)18111 (Arkivnummer)18111 (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-27 Skapad: 2020-02-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-06Bibliografiskt granskad
4. Recruitment to Occupations with a Surplus of Workers: The Unexpected Outcomes of Swedish Demand-Driven Labour Migration Policy
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Recruitment to Occupations with a Surplus of Workers: The Unexpected Outcomes of Swedish Demand-Driven Labour Migration Policy
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: International migration (Geneva. Print), ISSN 0020-7985, E-ISSN 1468-2435, Vol. 54, nr 2, s. 5-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This article studies the outcomes of the 2008 labour-migration policy change in Sweden, when most state control was abolished and an employer-led selection was introduced. The main goal was to increase labour migration from third countries to occupational sectors experiencing labour shortages. The article compares the volume, composition and labour-market status of labour migrants who arrived before the change in the law with those who arrived after. Labour migrants from EU countries are used as a control group to assess any eventual influence from non-migration policy determinants. The main outcome of the policy change is that non-EU labour migration increased – an effect entirely due to the rise in labour migration to surplus occupations. Changes in the composition of the labour migrants explains why those who came after the law change have, on average, a worse labour market position.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2016
Nyckelord
labour migration
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1790 (URN)10.1111/imig.12222 (DOI)000372920300002 ()2-s2.0-84962914880 (Scopus ID)20034 (Lokalt ID)20034 (Arkivnummer)20034 (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-27 Skapad: 2020-02-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-06Bibliografiskt granskad

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