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A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF MEDIA FRAMING OF TERRORISM: ISLAMIST EXTREMISM VERSUS FAR-RIGHT EXTREMISM
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR). (N/A)
2021 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to critically analyse media framing of Far-Right versus Islamist Extremism. Terrorists and Extremists are known for utilising media to spread fear and their message. This is why researchers need to highlight the role that media play in unintentionally aiding the propaganda of terrorist organisations. 

Critical Discourse Analysis was used to create five discourse groups to examine six different newspaper’s reporting on seven different attacks – Islamist extremism and Far-Right Extremism –in the United Kingdom and France. 

Results show that there is a significant difference in both the UK and France in how media reports on Islamist Extremist versus Far-Right Extremism. Islamist extremists are more likely to be referred to as terrorists whilst there is a greater emphasis on the Mental Health of Far-Right extremists. One similarity is the predominant discourse when reporting on these events which is the political discourse. 

The adverse effects of this framing are discussed concerning effects on particular groups such as the Muslim community and also a potential security risk in media reporting when Far-Right extremists are not identified as terrorists. It is recommended that journalists are further educated on the effects of negative framing and that a line of communication is created between counterterrorism professionals and the media. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
Extremism, Terrorism, Critical Discourse Analysis, Newspapers, Framing Theory, Media
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-43629OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-43629DiVA, id: diva2:1567515
Educational program
HS Criminology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-04-21 Created: 2021-06-16 Last updated: 2022-04-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • nn-NB
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