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Workplace Violence in the Healthcare Sector. A review of the Literature
Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
2020 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Healthcare workers are most at risk and most vulnerable to workplace violence (WPV) when compared to other professions. Despite high rates of exposure to violence, it is highly underreported. Aim: To identify the prevalence rate of WPV and the existing demographic relationship to WPV in the healthcare sector. To check for risk factors and health implications of this type of WPV on victims. Also, this research work intends to highlight the proposed strategies and interventions that can be used to mitigate against this type of WPV. Methods: To achieve this aim, a literature review methodology was employed. The Malmö university library and google scholar search engines were utilized with several inclusion criteria to arrive at a total of 24 articles for this review. Results: Prevalence rate for WPV is high with the prevalence for non-physical violence being higher than physical violence. Age and years of experience showed a significant relationship with being a victim of WPV while gender did not provide a conclusive result. There were few cases of physical injuries but a high percentage of victims of nonphysical violence suffered from psychological trauma such as fear, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder - PTSD, and anxiety. Prevention strategies and interventions have been recommended by victims and researchers of WPV. Conclusion: WPV is an existing phenomenon with adverse effects which reduce the quality of lives and services of workers. There is need for effective preventive methods to reduce WPV such as the implementation of zero-tolerance policy to WPV, the presence of police officers in at-risk health care facilities and involvement of victims in the development of prevention strategies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö universitet/Hälsa och samhälle , 2020. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
healthcare sector, prevalence, victim, workplace violence
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-26486Local ID: 31884OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-26486DiVA, id: diva2:1488089
Educational program
HS Criminology
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Examiners
Available from: 2020-11-03 Created: 2020-11-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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