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Clavier, Berndt
Publications (10 of 15) Show all publications
Clavier, B. & Dittmar, J. (2021). "Pictures and Conversations" Redefining the Graphic Novel. In: G. Krantz et al. (Ed.), : . Paper presented at Contemporary Nordic Comics Conference, Malmö, Oct. 8, 2021.. Malmö
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Pictures and Conversations" Redefining the Graphic Novel
2021 (English)In: / [ed] G. Krantz et al., Malmö, 2021Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Graphic Novel is a rather recent term, it marks distinct qualities of a group of artefacts to allow for differentiation and sales in late-modern (or post-modern) cultural context. 

Comics add their particular narrative potential to what the novel has done: they transplant novel-style narrations into image-based stories. In novels their author’s individual way with words, their voice is crucial. It defines the style, perspective, tone – the novel is about how a particular voice is expressed, it is not about the plot of the story as such. Comics are built from graphic representations that mark the distinct individuality of the auteur and/or graphic artist. Their view is expressed in the execution of each image and page design: "its 'graphiation’ – that is, the presence, within the very act of storytelling, of its maker" (Marion 1993 after Baetens 2001b, 146-150). 

There are enough comics labelled as graphic novels that are meeting the criteria for other literary genres to introduce differentiated labels: auto/biography, historiography, reports, travel writing, novels, …Even the difference between graphic adaptations of prose novels in difference to auteur comics matters (s. Schmitz-Emans 2013, 397 ff.).

We need to invent the Graphic Novel twice. The marketing term is established, now we need to differentiate the academic use to understand and describe better specific literary forms and genres. To restrict “graphic novel” to visually narrated novel-type literature instead of all longer comics is a beginning…

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: , 2021
Keywords
Graphic Novel, voice, graphiation, bande dessinée, literary studies, comics research, comics studies, genre
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-56004 (URN)
Conference
Contemporary Nordic Comics Conference, Malmö, Oct. 8, 2021.
Available from: 2022-11-14 Created: 2022-11-14 Last updated: 2022-11-18Bibliographically approved
Clavier, B. & Engström, T. (2019). Anticipations of the Digital: Dispersing Strindberg. In: Jonathan Schroeder; Anna Westerstahl Stenport; Eszter Szalczer (Ed.), Jonathan Schroeder, Anna WesterstahlS tenport, Eszter Szalczer (Ed.), August Strindberg and visual culture: the emergence of optical modernity in image, text and theatre (pp. 147-167). Bloomsbury Academic
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anticipations of the Digital: Dispersing Strindberg
2019 (English)In: August Strindberg and visual culture: the emergence of optical modernity in image, text and theatre / [ed] Jonathan Schroeder; Anna Westerstahl Stenport; Eszter Szalczer, Bloomsbury Academic, 2019, p. 147-167Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bloomsbury Academic, 2019
National Category
Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-9270 (URN)27065 (Local ID)9781501338007 (ISBN)9781501363269 (ISBN)9781501338021 (ISBN)9781501338014 (ISBN)27065 (Archive number)27065 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2023-10-02Bibliographically approved
Clavier, B. & Kauppinen, A. (2019). Art and the Management of the Racial Archipelago: What is Äga Rum in the Million Homes Programmes in Malmo?. Scandinavica: An International Journal of Scandinavian Studies, 58(3), 37-66
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Art and the Management of the Racial Archipelago: What is Äga Rum in the Million Homes Programmes in Malmo?
2019 (English)In: Scandinavica: An International Journal of Scandinavian Studies, ISSN 0036-5653, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 37-66Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 2015, the Swedish government allocated 130 million SEK to Äga rum ('Taking Place'): a three-year program of arts projects across Sweden to address low voter turnout in certain housing areas, but which, in effect, target the immigrants. We argue-through a short account of Foucault's take on the state, biopolitics, race, and governmentalisation-that this is an example of contemporary state racism, which is best understood as an inextricable part of biopolitical governmentalisation through forms of veridiction. We further analyse a specific governmental program (Äga rum) and a specific project (anonymised) within that program which takes place in two Miljonprogrammet housing areas in Malmö. Although both the program and the project have clear political agendas of empowerment and anti-exclusion, we argue that they nevertheless end up producing racial divisions and what we call a 'racial archipelago.'

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Norvik Press, 2019
Keywords
cultural policy, the racial state, biopolitics, governmentality, expediency of culture, border as method, participatory art projects
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-64431 (URN)10.54432/scand/ILAJ7047 (DOI)000647759900003 ()
Available from: 2023-12-14 Created: 2023-12-14 Last updated: 2023-12-14Bibliographically approved
Clavier, B. & Kauppinen, A. (2018). Tarihsel Ontoloji Olarak Kültür Politikası: Sanatın Hükümetleşmesi Üzerine (ed.). In: (Ed.), (Ed.), Kültür Politikası Yıllık;2017-2018: (pp. 155-167). : Kültür Politikaları ve Yönetimi Araştırma Merkez
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tarihsel Ontoloji Olarak Kültür Politikası: Sanatın Hükümetleşmesi Üzerine
2018 (English)In: Kültür Politikası Yıllık;2017-2018, Kültür Politikaları ve Yönetimi Araştırma Merkez , 2018, p. 155-167Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper maps some of the ontological and methodological concerns incurred by the governmentalization of art and culture that has come about in most advanced liberal societies since WWII. The main argument is that cultural policy forms a new historical ontology constituting a transformed relationship between art and the state. This transformed relationship has profound effects on the “art institution,” loosely defined after Peter Bürger as the apparatuses of production and distribution of the art system but also the historical ideas about what art is and what it should be doing. This transformation has produced a new situation for art and for artists: if print capitalism secured the conception of the artist-genius and the contemplative reader, then today we have the emergence of something new. In the wake of the governmentalization of art we have a landscape on the horizon, one that belabors art with economic, social and quantifiable functions. It is in this context that cultural policy has become a “historical ontology.”

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kültür Politikaları ve Yönetimi Araştırma Merkez, 2018
Keywords
Art, Aesthetic Function, Cultural Policy, Peter Bürger, Michel Foucault, Ian Hacking, Veridiction, Historical Ontology
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-9394 (URN)27154 (Local ID)9789750525056 (ISBN)27154 (Archive number)27154 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2020-06-02Bibliographically approved
Clavier, B. & Kauppinen, A. (2018). The Cascading Metrologies of Swedish Cultural Policy (ed.). Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, 21(2), 179-199
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Cascading Metrologies of Swedish Cultural Policy
2018 (English)In: Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, ISSN 1403-3216, E-ISSN 2000-8325, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 179-199Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The commencement of cultural policy in Sweden is analysed as part of global and networked socio-technical agencements, beginning with the transformation of the political rationalities underlying state support for theatre in the early nineteen-thirties and ending in the current moment, which is described as a phase of cascading metrologies. Using Actor Network Theory as a methodology, the article explores how cultural policy partakes in what Foucault has elaborated as the progressive governmentalization of power relations, whereby art and culture, in this case, is “elaborated, rationalized, and centralized in the form of, or under the auspices of, state institutions.” Specific attention is brought to the historical role of UNESCO in the governmentalization of art and culture, and its importance for the first Swedish bill of culture. The article also elaborates on the central role of metrologies in the process of governmentalization, whereby art and culture is subjected to measuring devices, and by extension, concepts and instruments that contribute to the progressive socialization and naturalization of novel art-effects, such as social and economic development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Idunn, 2018
Keywords
Art and culture, Swedish cultural policy, UNESCO, metrology, Actor-Network Theory, Governmentalization
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1744 (URN)27079 (Local ID)27079 (Archive number)27079 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2022-07-04Bibliographically approved
Clavier, B. & Kauppinen, A. (2017). Art for integration: political rationalities and technologies of governmentalisation in the city of Malmö (ed.). In: Maryam Fanni, Elof Hellström, Sarah Kim (Ed.), Maryam Fanni, Elof Hellström, Sarah Kim (Ed.), Ett texthäfte om konst- och kultursatsningar i relation till ägande och styrning: (pp. 23-38). : MDGH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Art for integration: political rationalities and technologies of governmentalisation in the city of Malmö
2017 (English)In: Ett texthäfte om konst- och kultursatsningar i relation till ägande och styrning / [ed] Maryam Fanni, Elof Hellström, Sarah Kim, MDGH , 2017, p. 23-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Cities increasingly use artistic and cultural activities to promote active citizenship and social cohesion. We suggest that city-sponsored cultural and artistic practices in Sweden are finding a new discursive context in migration. In this article, we look at two artistic and cultural institutions in Malmö, Sweden: Arena 305 and Drömmarnas hus. We develop a typology of governmentalisation based on the work of Nicholas Rose and Peter Miller, which allows us to describe the governing activity of Arena 305 and Drömmarnas hus. What becomes visible is the discrepancy between the moral form of the political rationalities and the technologies of government: even though institutions may harbour ideals and principles of inclusion, they are perfectly capable of sustaining activities that brighten the very boundaries they set out to challenge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDGH, 2017
Keywords
art, culture, cities, integration, social cohesion, governmentalisation
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-9554 (URN)22432 (Local ID)978-91-639-2840-6 (ISBN)22432 (Archive number)22432 (OAI)
Note
Reprint of: Berndt Clavier & Asko Kauppinen (2014) Art for integration : political rationalities and technologies of governmentalisation in the city of Malmö, Identities, 21:1, 10-25, DOI: 10.1080/1070289X.2013.841580Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved
Kauppinen, A. & Clavier, B. (2017). Checkboxes and radio buttons: metrologies, cultural policy, and the dispositif of art management (ed.). ENCATC Journal of Cultural Management & Policy, 7(1), 59-70
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Checkboxes and radio buttons: metrologies, cultural policy, and the dispositif of art management
2017 (English)In: ENCATC Journal of Cultural Management & Policy, ISSN 2224-2554, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 59-70Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cultural policies will be analysed as producing what Bruno Latour calls “metrologies”; that is, measuring devices and valuemeters, and by extension, concepts and instruments that contribute to the progressive socialization and naturalization of art effects such as social sustainability, community cohesion, social capital, and innovation. The case analysed will be the art scene of the city of Malmö, its policies and metrological devices, with a focus on one community theatre project as an exemplary case. The metrologies, we claim, are the ways in which the policy apparatus opens up to larger concerns of what Michel Foucault calls dispositifs, linking art policy to other policy changes and societal concerns in general, and making art respond to those concerns in managed ways.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ENCATC, 2017
Keywords
Cultural policy, Performance measurement, Participation, Art funding, Governmentalisation
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1722 (URN)000426067500005 ()27076 (Local ID)27076 (Archive number)27076 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2023-12-14Bibliographically approved
Kauppinen, A. & Clavier, B. (2016). Cultural policies, metrologies and the dispositif of art management (ed.). In: (Ed.), (Ed.), Cultural Management Education in Risk Societies - Towards a Paradigm and Policy Shift?! CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS 2016: . Paper presented at 24th Annual ENCATC Conference : Cultural Management Education in Risk Societies - Towards a Paradigm and Policy Shift?!, Valencia, Spain (4-6 October, 2016) (pp. 195-208). : ENCATC
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultural policies, metrologies and the dispositif of art management
2016 (English)In: Cultural Management Education in Risk Societies - Towards a Paradigm and Policy Shift?! CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS 2016, ENCATC , 2016, p. 195-208Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Cultural policies will be analyzed as producing what Latour calls metrologies; that is, measuring devices and, by extension, concepts and instruments that contribute to the progressive socialization and naturalization of art effects such as social sustainability, community cohesion, social capital, and innovation. The case analyzed will be the art scene of the city of Malmö, its policies and metrological devices. The metrologies, we claim, are the ways in which the policy apparatus opens up to larger concerns of what Foucault calls dispositifs, linking art policy to other policy changes and societal concerns in general, and making art respond to those concerns in managed ways.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ENCATC, 2016
Keywords
cultural policy, performance measurement, participatory art, art funding, governmentalization
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-10835 (URN)22372 (Local ID)22372 (Archive number)22372 (OAI)
Conference
24th Annual ENCATC Conference : Cultural Management Education in Risk Societies - Towards a Paradigm and Policy Shift?!, Valencia, Spain (4-6 October, 2016)
Available from: 2020-02-29 Created: 2020-02-29 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved
Clavier, B. & Kauppinen, A. (2014). Art for integration: political rationalities and technologies of governmentalisation in the city of Malmö. In: Marco Martiniello (Ed.), Marco Martiniello (Ed.), Multiculturalism and the Arts in European Cities: . Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Art for integration: political rationalities and technologies of governmentalisation in the city of Malmö
2014 (English)In: Multiculturalism and the Arts in European Cities / [ed] Marco Martiniello, Routledge, 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This book discusses the tension, or even the contradiction, between ethno-cultural segregation and ethno-cultural mixing in the field of the arts. It focuses on the local artistic sphere in the multicultural EU cities of Amsterdam, Antwerp, Brussels, Cologne, Malmö and Vienna. The chapters show a variety of local experiences by exploring in each city discourses, policies and practices in the local artistic field and by addressing one or more of the following questions: How do cities construct diversity discourses and policies? How do migrants and subsequent generations mobilise in the local artistic scene? What type of collective identities and ethnicities are publicly expressed and constructed in the arts? Are immigrant and ethnic artists and productions supported by official cultural institutions? Are local cultural policies becoming multicultural? How do migrant and ethnic artist mobilise in order to change cultural policies? The contributors combine top-down and bottom-up perspectives from a variety of large, mid-size and small European cities to make sense of the links between migrants and ethnic groups and artistic change at the local level. They examine how the city as an artistic space is changed by minority artistic expression and also how local cultural institutions change minority artistic expressions. The chapter authors are drawn from broad variety of disciplines, including anthropology, cultural studies, political science, sociology, urban studies and planning, offering the reader a broad variety of perspectives and insights into this area. This book was originally published as a special issue of Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2014
Keywords
Urban Cultures, Visual Arts, Sociology of Culture, Design, Visual Culture, Public Policy, Migration, Cultural Studies, Art & Visual Culture, Multiculturalism
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-9048 (URN)18181 (Local ID)9781138795525 (ISBN)18181 (Archive number)18181 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2022-08-09Bibliographically approved
Clavier, B. & Kauppinen, A. (2014). Art for integration: political rationalities and technologies of governmentalisation in the city of Malmö (ed.). Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, 21(1), 10-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Art for integration: political rationalities and technologies of governmentalisation in the city of Malmö
2014 (English)In: Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, ISSN 1070-289X, E-ISSN 1547-3384, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 10-25Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Cities increasingly use artistic and cultural activities to promote active citizenship and social cohesion. We suggest that city-sponsored cultural and artistic practices in Sweden are finding a new discursive context in migration. In this article, we look at two artistic and cultural institutions in Malmö, Sweden: Arena 305 and Drömmarnas hus. We develop a typology of governmentalisation based on the work of Nicholas Rose and Peter Miller, which allows us to describe the governing activity of Arena 305 and Drömmarnas hus. What becomes visible is the discrepancy between the moral form of the political rationalities and the technologies of government: even though institutions may harbour ideals and principles of inclusion, they are perfectly capable of sustaining activities that brighten the very boundaries they set out to challenge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2014
Keywords
art, culture, cities, integration, social cohesion, governmentalisation
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1692 (URN)10.1080/1070289X.2013.841580 (DOI)000337187900002 ()2-s2.0-84895069748 (Scopus ID)18178 (Local ID)18178 (Archive number)18178 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-02-06Bibliographically approved
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