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Lilja, Peter
Publications (10 of 33) Show all publications
Dahlbeck, J. & Lilja, P. (2023). Rousseau's lawgiver as a pedagogical fiction. In: : . Paper presented at North American Association for Philosophy & Education, Mundelein, Illinois, 27-29 October 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rousseau's lawgiver as a pedagogical fiction
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this essay, we argue that Rousseau’s lawgiver is best thought of as a pedagogical fiction. It is fictional as it reflects an idea that is entertained despite its contradictory nature, and it is contradictory in the sense that it describes “an undertaking beyond human strength and, to execute it, an authority that amounts to nothing” (II.7; 192). Rousseau conceives of the social contract as a necessary device for enabling the transferal of individual power to the body politic, for subsuming individual wills under the general will, and for aligning the good of the individual with the common good. For the social contract to be valid, however, it needs to be preceded by a desire to belong to a moral community that can induce people to join willingly, and that will grant legitimacy to the laws established. If the social contract is the machinery that makes the body politic function, the lawgiver is “the mechanic who invents the machine” (II.7; 191). In this paper we will look closer at the pedagogical functions of Rousseau’s mythical lawgiver by first examining the relationship between the social contract, the general will and the lawgiver. Then, we aim to flesh out a pedagogical understanding of the figure of the lawgiver by way of the two educational dimensions of accommodation and transformation. Finally, we will argue for the importance of understanding Rousseau’s lawgiver as a fictional device allowing for the fundamental and enduring educational task of balancing between the preservation and renewal of society. 

Keywords
Rousseau, lawgiver, pedagogical fiction, the general will, the social contract
National Category
Philosophy Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-62534 (URN)
Conference
North American Association for Philosophy & Education, Mundelein, Illinois, 27-29 October 2023
Available from: 2023-10-29 Created: 2023-10-29 Last updated: 2023-11-01Bibliographically approved
Dahlbeck, J. & Lilja, P. (2021). Entrepreneurial learning and the merging of progressive and economic ideals. In: Mitja Sardoč (Ed.), The Impacts of Neoliberal Discourse and Language in Education: Critical Perspectives on a Rhetoric of Equality, Well-Being, and Justice: (pp. 86-99). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurial learning and the merging of progressive and economic ideals
2021 (English)In: The Impacts of Neoliberal Discourse and Language in Education: Critical Perspectives on a Rhetoric of Equality, Well-Being, and Justice / [ed] Mitja Sardoč, Routledge, 2021, p. 86-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter we use the Swedish example of entrepreneurial learning as a springboard to discuss the curious alliance between student-centered progressive education and the economization of education. In doing so we wish to highlight the effects of this alliance on the relationship between teaching and learning and, consequently, on the teacher-student relation. In order to do this, we will first examine the conditions for the economization of contemporary education, and its impact on the teacher-student relation. Having done so, we will turn to progressive education, examining the link between the ideal of student-centeredness and the economization of the role of the student, as well as looking closer at the contradictory figure of the entrepreneurial teacher. The chapter concludes with a discussion on some inherent tensions visible in entrepreneurial learning, being at once an effect of the economization of education and a pedagogical project firmly rooted in progressive ideals. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2021
Series
Routledge Studies in Education, Neoliberalism, and Marxism
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-48904 (URN)10.4324/9780367815172-6 (DOI)2-s2.0-85104415993 (Scopus ID)9780367815172 (ISBN)9780367415471 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-12-27 Created: 2021-12-27 Last updated: 2022-08-05Bibliographically approved
Lilja, P. & Dahlbeck, J. (2021). Lärarskap: en essä om vad det innebär att vara lärare. Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, 26(4), 127-140
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lärarskap: en essä om vad det innebär att vara lärare
2021 (Swedish)In: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 127-140Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Detta är en essä om hur vi bättre kan förstå vad det innebär att vara lärare. Den tar avstamp i en aktuell skoldebatt om vilka uppgifter som egentligen ingår i lärares arbete och vad det betyder att vara lärare. Diskussionen om vad det innebär att vara lärare utgår i regel från att undervisning är kärnan i lärares arbete, men undervisningsbegreppet i sig är sällan föremål för diskussion. I denna essä gör vi en filosofisk undersökning av undervisningsbegreppet utifrån ett antal kriterier som vi menar vara centrala för att förstå den pedagogiska relationens olika roller. Vi föreslår begreppet lärarskap som beteckning för lärares liv och arbete.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linnaeus University Press, 2021
Keywords
Lärarskap, undervisning, pedagogisk relation, lärares arbete
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-44901 (URN)10.15626/pfs26.04.06 (DOI)
Available from: 2021-08-17 Created: 2021-08-17 Last updated: 2021-12-27Bibliographically approved
Dahlbeck, J. & Lilja, P. (2019). A Teacher’s Job (ed.). Paper presented at The 75th Annual Meeting of the Philosophy of Education Society (PES), Richmond, Virginia (13-18 March 2019). Paper presented at The 75th Annual Meeting of the Philosophy of Education Society (PES), Richmond, Virginia (13-18 March 2019).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Teacher’s Job
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper discusses a contemporary debate concerning the separation of teaching qua instruction from the social needs of students and the implications that such a bifurcation might have for the overall idea of what a teacher is. Drawing from the work of Rousseau and Arendt, our aim is to argue for the necessity of understanding education as a process of formation, and by doing so, highlighting the importance of establishing trusting intergenerational relationships. Starting with Rousseau’s conception of formation in Emile, we will illustrate how education as formation necessarily entails a process of ethical maturation guided by the educator qua self-sufficient adult. The role of the educator, in this account, moves from a passive to a gradually more active educator as Emile passes from childhood to adolescence. We will then turn to Arendt’s critique of Rousseau’s ‘negative’ education and of the subsequent modern dismantling of adult authority. Having outlined some of the continuities and tensions between Rousseau and Arendt’s understanding of formation we will end this paper by arguing for the importance of appreciating the reciprocity of the teacher-child relation in a contemporary understanding of education.

Keywords
Formation, Pedagogical relation, Teaching, Arendt, Rousseau
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-16470 (URN)28126 (Local ID)28126 (Archive number)28126 (OAI)
Conference
The 75th Annual Meeting of the Philosophy of Education Society (PES), Richmond, Virginia (13-18 March 2019)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2022-04-26Bibliographically approved
Lilja, P. & Tzimoula, D. (2019). After the Century of the Child: Swedish Education and the Transformation of the Role of the Child. In: Sam Frankel, Sally McNamee (Ed.), Sam Frankel, Sally McNamee (Ed.), Contextualizing Childhoods: Growing Up in Europe and North America (pp. 39-61). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>After the Century of the Child: Swedish Education and the Transformation of the Role of the Child
2019 (English)In: Contextualizing Childhoods: Growing Up in Europe and North America / [ed] Sam Frankel, Sally McNamee, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 39-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this chapter is to describe some fundamental developments within Swedish educational policy focusing especially on the idea of educational individualization as a way of placing the child at the center of the educational activity and thereby as a vital agent in the construction of a more equal and just society. We argue that these historical trends, coupled with the neo-liberal influences within contemporary educational policies, have created a strong discourse of childhood within Swedish society, centered on the concept of ‘the competent child’. However, contemporary neo-liberal transformations of the idea of educational individualization have far-reaching consequences in terms of what competencies children are to develop as well as for the overall relationship between the state and the individual in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Keywords
Childhood, Education, The competent child, Individualization
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-9828 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-94926-0_3 (DOI)2-s2.0-85063778483 (Scopus ID)26733 (Local ID)978-3-319-94925-3 (ISBN)978-3-319-94926-0 (ISBN)26733 (Archive number)26733 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2023-09-01Bibliographically approved
Lilja, P. & Tzimoula, D. (2019). Commentary on Chapter 7: Volunteer Work and Global Citizenship in Sweden. In: Sam Frankel; Sally McNamee (Ed.), Sam Frankel, Sally McNamee (Ed.), Contextualizing Childhoods: Growing Up in Europe and North America (pp. 191-196). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Commentary on Chapter 7: Volunteer Work and Global Citizenship in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Contextualizing Childhoods: Growing Up in Europe and North America / [ed] Sam Frankel; Sally McNamee, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 191-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Allyson Larkin raises important questions concerning the promotion and consequences of ideals of global citizenship in the context of Canadian higher education. More specifically, she aims to problematize taken-for-granted assumptions about the discourses of global citizenship that correspond to the type of graduate Canadian universities are seeking to produce. In this comment, we aim to, very briefly, address similar questions in relation to the context of Sweden. Using the example of volunteer work, we will give a short historical background to Sweden’s international commitments in relation to developing countries as well as a brief sketch on how such commitments are organized within contemporary Swedish society. Finally, we will also comment on possible consequences for contemporary constructions of discourses of global citizenship and internationalization in relation to the field of Swedish higher education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Keywords
Volunteerism, Global Citizenship, Swedish Higher Education
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-9891 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-94926-0_13 (DOI)2-s2.0-85063768510 (Scopus ID)26716 (Local ID)978-3-319-94925-3 (ISBN)978-3-319-94926-0 (ISBN)26716 (Archive number)26716 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2023-09-01Bibliographically approved
Lilja, P. & Dahlbeck, J. (2019). In the Absence of Adults: Generations and Formation in Hunt for the Wilderpeople (ed.). Journal of Philosophy of Education, 53(2), 407-424
Open this publication in new window or tab >>In the Absence of Adults: Generations and Formation in Hunt for the Wilderpeople
2019 (English)In: Journal of Philosophy of Education, ISSN 0309-8249, E-ISSN 1467-9752, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 407-424Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Taika Waititi’s recent film ‘Hunt for the Wilderpeople’ (2016) portrays the coming-of-age of a young boy, Ricky, in a world with few recognisably responsible adults. While the film does not engage explicitly with formal education, it raises several questions central for understanding education as formation, highlighting the generational aspects of educational relations and pointing to the importance of an adult world taking responsibility for the formation and upbringing of the younger generation. Departing from a discussion on the role of formation and intergenerational relations in Rousseau and Arendt, we will draw on the film’s portrayal of an adult world in crisis in order to discuss some of its possible consequences for understanding education in terms of intergenerational relations and formation. This involves raising questions about the educational consequences of the absence of recognisably responsible adults and it involves investigating how this absence might impact our understanding of education as the formation and upbringing of educated human beings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Keywords
Arendt, Rousseau, Generation, Formation, Philosophy of Education, Hunt for the Wilderpeople
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-3713 (URN)10.1111/1467-9752.12350 (DOI)000477666900012 ()28623 (Local ID)28623 (Archive number)28623 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2022-04-26Bibliographically approved
Dahlbeck, J. & Lilja, P. (2019). The unexpected alignment of progressive ideals and the commercialization of education in entrepreneurial learning (ed.). Philosophy of Education, 2017, 392-405
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The unexpected alignment of progressive ideals and the commercialization of education in entrepreneurial learning
2019 (English)In: Philosophy of Education, ISSN 8756-6575, Vol. 2017, p. 392-405Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this article we aim to use the Swedish example of entrepreneurship in education as a springboard to discuss the unexpected alliance between student-centered progressive education and the commercialization of schools. In doing so we wish to highlight the effects of this alliance on the relationship between teaching and learning and, consequently, on the teacher-student relation. In order to do this, we will first examine the conditions for the commercialization of contemporary education, and its impact on the teacher-student relation. We will then turn to progressive education, and examine the curious link between the ideal of student-centeredness and the economization of the role of the student. The article will conclude with a discussion on some inherent tensions visible in entrepreneurial learning, being at once an effect of the commercialization of schools and a pedagogical project firmly rooted in progressive ideals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philosophy of Education Society, 2019
Keywords
Entrepreneurial learning, Commercialization of education, Progressivism
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-14451 (URN)28615 (Local ID)28615 (Archive number)28615 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2022-04-26Bibliographically approved
Lilja, P. (2018). Defending a Common World: Hannah Arendt on the State, the Nation and Political Education (ed.). Studies in Philosophy and Education, 37(6), 537-552
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Defending a Common World: Hannah Arendt on the State, the Nation and Political Education
2018 (English)In: Studies in Philosophy and Education, ISSN 0039-3746, E-ISSN 1573-191X, Vol. 37, no 6, p. 537-552Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

For a long time, one of the most important tasks for education in liberal democracies has been to foster the next generation in core democratic values in order to prepare them for future political responsibilities. In spite of this, general trust in the liberal democratic system is in rapid decline. In this paper, the tension between the ambitions of liberal-democratic educational systems and contemporary challenges to central democratic ideas is approached by reconsidering Hannah Arendt’s critique of political education. This will be done informed by her analysis of the tension between the concepts of state and nation. By showing how education, depending on its role as a tool of the state or the nation, may be a fundamental requirement for the establishment of a common world or the most efective tool for its destruction, the paper argues for the need to understand Arendt’s educational thinking in light of her wider political analysis. Rather than downplaying the provocative aspects of her critique, the paper argues for the need to use it as a starting point for thinking again how education may become an emancipatory undertaking capable of disarming contemporary threats to human plurality and freedom.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Arendt, Education, Freedom, Nation, Politics, State
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-3801 (URN)10.1007/s11217-018-9618-3 (DOI)000445401700001 ()2-s2.0-85049697864 (Scopus ID)25838 (Local ID)25838 (Archive number)25838 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Dahlbeck, J. & Lilja, P. (2018). Getting the ”knack”: education as formation in Hunt for the Wilderpeople (ed.). Paper presented at Annual Conference of the Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain, New College, Oxford (23-25 March). Paper presented at Annual Conference of the Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain, New College, Oxford (23-25 March). : PESGB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Getting the ”knack”: education as formation in Hunt for the Wilderpeople
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this essay, our point of departure is the tension between the modern idea of childhood associated with the notion of the child as being, and the idea, found in both Rousseau and Arendt, of education as formation and becoming. The idea of children as political actors has become increasingly influential within the contexts of childhood studies, educational as well as child-welfare policies. As a result, in the general understanding of the role of children in society, the conceptual boundaries between adults and children have become blurred. From the point of view of educational philosophy, this is interesting because it highlights the problematic tension between an image of the child as already complete and the foundational idea of education as a process of formation. Using Taika Waititi’s recent film Hunt for the Wilderpeople as an example we aim to illustrate some of the possible consequences of blurring the boundaries between generations and to investigate how this might impact our understanding of education as formation in the making of moral human beings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PESGB, 2018
Keywords
Rousseau, Arendt, Formation, Hunt for the Wilderpeople, Generation
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-16503 (URN)24748 (Local ID)24748 (Archive number)24748 (OAI)
Conference
Annual Conference of the Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain, New College, Oxford (23-25 March)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2022-04-26Bibliographically approved
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