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Nilner, Krister
Publications (10 of 48) Show all publications
Sjödin, T., Nilner, K., Sparre, B., Bernet, C. & Åström, M. (2016). A clinical and microbiological study on the enantiomers of delmopinol (ed.). Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 74(5), 355-361
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A clinical and microbiological study on the enantiomers of delmopinol
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2016 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, no 5, p. 355-361Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Objective The clinical part of this study aimed to investigate whether the racemate of delmopinol [(+/-)-delmopinol] is equivalent to its two enantiomers [(+)-delmopinol and (-)-delmopinol] with respect to efficiency and to determine and compare their pharmacokinetic properties. The purpose of the pre-clinical part was to elucidate possible differences in antimicrobial efficiency. Materials and methods The compounds were tested clinically in a double-blind, randomized, cross-over study comprising three treatment periods of 4 days each. The antimicrobial efficacy of the enantiomers was compared in vitro with respect to planktonic and biofilm bacteria of different species. Results No statistically significant differences in prevention of plaque formation were observed. Except for a somewhat higher systemic exposure in terms of AUC and C-max indicated for (-)-delmopinol compared to (+)-delmopinol, the pharmacokinetic properties were similar. The most common adverse event was a transient anaesthetic feeling in the mouth. This event was reported with the same frequency for all three test solutions. The enantiomers showed similar antimicrobial effects on planktonic bacteria and their biofilms. Conclusions The enantiomers were found to be equally effective with respect to inhibition of plaque development and only minor differences were observed with respect to their pharmacokinetic properties. No differences could be observed in the adverse events reports. There is, therefore, no reason to use one of the enantiomers of delmopinol instead of the racemate. This was further supported by the antimicrobial tests. It is suggested that the combined action of cationic and neutral delmopinol is important for its effect on biofilms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2016
Keywords
Antibacterial effects, biofilm, clinical effect, dental plaque, pharmacokinetics
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-15875 (URN)10.3109/00016357.2016.1151546 (DOI)000377809300007 ()26940371 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84975303544 (Scopus ID)23061 (Local ID)23061 (Archive number)23061 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Dierens, M., De Bruyn, H., Kisch, J., Nilner, K., Cosyn, J. & Vandeweghe, S. (2016). Prosthetic Survival and Complication Rate of Single Implant Treatment in the Periodontally Healthy Patient after 16 to 22 Years of Follow-Up (ed.). Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, 18(1), 117-128
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prosthetic Survival and Complication Rate of Single Implant Treatment in the Periodontally Healthy Patient after 16 to 22 Years of Follow-Up
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2016 (English)In: Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, ISSN 1523-0899, E-ISSN 1708-8208, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 117-128Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Single implants were introduced in the 1980s, but long-term follow-up is scarce. Purpose The study aims to retrospectively investigate the prosthetic survival and complication rates of single implants in periodontally healthy patients after 16-22 years, and to evaluate the influence of different prosthetic procedures Materials and Methods Patients with a single implant were recalled for clinical examination. Prosthetic procedures included single-tooth (ST) and CeraOne (CO) abutments supporting a porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM), all-ceramic (CER), or gold-acrylic (ACR) crown. Prosthetic survival, success, and occurrence of biological, technical, and aesthetic complications were obtained. Procedures were compared by log-rank tests Results Fifty patients attended the examination. All implants were functional; however, 15% of abutments and 27% of crowns had been renewed. Replacements (1/4) were related to technical issues whereas the main cause was aesthetics. The abutment cumulative survival rate (CSR) differed significantly between ST-PFM (74%), ST-ACR (0%), and CO reconstructions (97%). The crown CSR was significantly lower for ST-ACR crowns (0%) compared with ST-PFM (68%) and CO (81%). Thirty-nine percent of implants remained complication free throughout the mean 18.5 years. Complications (1/3) required component replacement, and 53% occurred within 5 years after surgery Conclusion Prosthetic survival rates of single implants are encouraging after 16 to 22 years. However, 66% of the patients encountered at least one complication during follow-up.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2016
Keywords
complications, dental implants, long-term, prosthetics, single crowns
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-15864 (URN)10.1111/cid.12266 (DOI)000369339400014 ()25195629 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84955663227 (Scopus ID)22827 (Local ID)22827 (Archive number)22827 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Dierens, M., Vandeweghe, S., Kisch, J., Nilner, K., Cosyn, J. & De Bruyn, H. (2015). Cost estimation of single-implant treatment in the periodontally healthy patient after 16-22 years of follow-up (ed.). Clinical Oral Implants Research, 26(11), 1288-1296
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cost estimation of single-implant treatment in the periodontally healthy patient after 16-22 years of follow-up
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2015 (English)In: Clinical Oral Implants Research, ISSN 0905-7161, E-ISSN 1600-0501, Vol. 26, no 11, p. 1288-1296Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Costs for single-implant treatment are mostly described for the initial treatment. Information on the additional cost related to aftercare is scarce. Objective: To make an estimation of complication costs of single implants in periodontally healthy patients after 16-22years and to compare costs for various prosthetic designs. Materials and methods: Patients with a single implant were recalled for a clinical examination and file investigation. Prosthetic designs included single-tooth (ST) and CeraOne (CO) abutments supporting a porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM), all-ceramic (CER), or gold-acrylic (ACR) crown. Costs related to failures or technical, biologic, and aesthetic complications were retrieved from patient's records. Total and yearly additional complication costs were calculated as a percentage relative to the initial cost. Chair time needed to solve the complication was recorded and prosthetic designs were compared by Kruskal-Wallis tests. Results: Fifty patients with 59 surviving implants were clinically investigated. Additional complication costs after a mean follow-up of 18.5years amounted to 23% (range 0-110%) of the initial treatment cost. In total, 39% of implants presented with no costs, whereas 22% and 8% encountered additional costs over 50% and 75%, respectively. In 2%, the complication costs exceeded the initial cost. The mean yearly additional cost was 1.2% (range 0-6%) and mean complication time per implant was 67min (range 0-345min). Differences between prosthetic designs (CO, ST-PFM, ST-ACR) were statistically significant for total cost (P=0.011), yearly cost (P=0.023), and time (P=0.023). Pairwise comparison revealed significant lower costs for CO compared with ST-ACR reconstructions. Conclusion: Patients should be informed about additional costs related to complications with single implants. The mean additional cost spent on complications was almost one-quarter of the initial treatment price. A majority of implants presented with lower additional costs, whereas the highest complication costs were related to a smaller group with 22% of the implants needing more than half of the initial cost for complication management. Expenses were significantly different for various prosthetic designs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2015
Keywords
cost analysis, dental implants, economics, long term
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-15878 (URN)10.1111/clr.12453 (DOI)000362837500009 ()25041624 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84943582322 (Scopus ID)27351 (Local ID)27351 (Archive number)27351 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Davidson, T., Rohlin, M., Hultin, M., Jemt, T., Nilner, K., Sunnegardh-Gronberg, K., . . . Nilsson, M. (2015). Reimbursement systems influence prosthodontic treatment of adult patients (ed.). Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 73(6), 414-420
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reimbursement systems influence prosthodontic treatment of adult patients
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2015 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 73, no 6, p. 414-420Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. To evaluate the influence of reimbursement system and organizational structure on oral rehabilitation of adult patients with tooth loss. Materials and methods. Patient data were retrieved from the databases of the Swedish Social Insurance Agency. The data consisted of treatment records of patients aged 19 years and above claiming reimbursement for dental care from July 1, 2007 until June 30, 2009. Before July 1, 2008, a proportionately higher level of subsidy was available for dental care in patients 65 years and above, but thereafter the system was changed, so that the subsidy was the same, regardless of the patient's age. Prosthodontic treatment in patients 65 years and above was compared with that in younger patients before and after the change of the reimbursement system. Prosthodontic treatment carried out in the Public Dental Health Service and the private sector was also analyzed. Results. Data were retrieved for 722,842 adult patients, covering a total of 1,339,915 reimbursed treatment items. After the change of the reimbursement system, there was a decrease in the proportion of items in patients 65 years and above in relation to those under 65. Overall, there was a minimal change in the proportion of treatment items provided by the private sector compared to the public sector following the change of the reimbursement system. Conclusions. Irrespective of service provider, private or public, financial incentive such as the reimbursement system may influence the provision of prosthodontic treatment, in terms of volume of treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2015
Keywords
insurance, financial incentives, prosthodontics
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-15595 (URN)10.3109/00016357.2014.976260 (DOI)000354608200003 ()25643867 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84929416091 (Scopus ID)20025 (Local ID)20025 (Archive number)20025 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Larsson, P., John, M., Hakeberg, M., Nilner, K. & List, T. (2014). General population norms of the Swedish short forms of oral health impact profile (ed.). Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 41(4), 275-281
Open this publication in new window or tab >>General population norms of the Swedish short forms of oral health impact profile
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2014 (English)In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, E-ISSN 1365-2842, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 275-281Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We reported the development and psychometric evaluation of a Swedish 14-item and a five-item short form of the Oral Health Impact Profile. The 14-item version was derived from the English-language short form developed by Slade in1997. The five-item version was derived from the German-language short form developed by John et al. in 2006. Validity, reliability and normative values for the two short form summary scores were determined in a random sample of the adult Swedish population (response rate: 46%, N = 1366 subjects). Subjects with sufficient OHRQoL information to calculate a summary score (N = 1309) were on average 50·1 ± 17.4 years old, and 54% were women. Short form summary scores correlated highly with the 49-item OHIP-S (r ≥ 0.97 for OHIP-S14, r ≥ 0.92 for OHIP-S5) and with self-report of oral health (r ≥ 0.41). Reliability, measured with Cronbach's alpha (0.91 for OHIP-S14, 0.77 for OHIP-S5), was sufficient. In the general population, 50% of the subjects had ≥2 OHIP-S14 score points and 10% had ≥11 points, respectively. Among subjects with their own teeth only and/or fixed dental prostheses and with partial removable dental prostheses, 50% of the population had ≥2 OHIP-S14 score points, and 10% had ≥11 points. For subjects with complete dentures, the corresponding figures were 3 and 24 points. OHIP-S5 medians for subjects in the three population groups were 1, 1 and 2 points. Swedish 14-item and 5-item short forms of the OHIP have sufficient psychometric properties and provide a detailed overview about impaired OHRQoL in Sweden. The norms will serve as reference values for future studies

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2014
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-6315 (URN)10.1111/joor.12137 (DOI)000332486100005 ()24447237 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84897626139 (Scopus ID)17992 (Local ID)17992 (Archive number)17992 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Larsson, P., John, M., Nilner, K. & List, T. (2014). Normative values for the Oro-facial Esthetic Scale in Sweden (ed.). Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 41(2), 148-154
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Normative values for the Oro-facial Esthetic Scale in Sweden
2014 (English)In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, E-ISSN 1365-2842, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 148-154Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study reports the findings and challenges of the assessment of oro-facial aesthetics in the Swedish general population and the development of normative values for the self-reporting Orofacial Esthetic Scale (OES). In a Swedish national sample of 1406 adult subjects (response rate: 47%), OES decile norms were established. The influence of sociodemographics (gender, age, and education), oral health status and general health status on OES scores was analysed. Mean ± standard deviation of OES scores was 50.3 ± 15.6 units (0, worst score; 70, best score); <1% of the subjects had the minimum score of 0, and 11% had the maximum score of 70 OES units. Orofacial Esthetic Scale score differences were (i) substantial (>5 OES units) for subjects with excellent/very good versus good to poor oral or general health status; ii) small (2 units), but statistically significant for gender (P = 0.01) and two age groups (P = 0.02), and (iii) absent for subjects with college versus no college education (P = 0.31) or with and without dentures (P = 0.90). To estimate normative values for a self-reporting health status, instrument is considered an important step in standardisation, and the developed norms provide a frame of reference in the general population to interpret the Orofacial Esthetic Scale scores

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2014
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-5994 (URN)10.1111/joor.12121 (DOI)000329945800010 ()24372184 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84892896238 (Scopus ID)18009 (Local ID)18009 (Archive number)18009 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Haag, P., Andersson, M. & Nilner, K. (2013). Porcelain bonding to titanium with two veneering principles and two firing temperatures (ed.). Swedish Dental Journal, 37(3), 143-151
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Porcelain bonding to titanium with two veneering principles and two firing temperatures
2013 (English)In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 143-151Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dental literature, as well as dental laboratories, has described problems with ceramic veneering of titanium, while clinical and in vitro studies have reported good results. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of firing temperature, thermo cycling, and veneering methods on bond strength between porcelain and titanium. Eighty titanium specimens were prepared with one of two methods: a bonding agent firing or an oxidation firing. During veneering, half of the specimens in each group were fired at 30 degrees C above and half at the manufacturer's recommended temperature. In the bonding agent group and in the oxidation group, half of each firing group was thermocycled. Bond strength was calculated in a three-point bending test. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analyses of the titanium and the porcelain fracture surfaces of one specimen from each subgroup was used in order to study the composition of the interface between titanium and porcelain surfaces after fracture. No significant difference in bond strength was found when firing at a higher temperature compared with firing at the recommended temperature. An oxidation firing before veneering yielded significantly higher bond strength in a three-point bending test than when firing with a bonding agent. SEM and EDS analyses indicated a higher frequency of titanium oxide fractures in the oxidation than in the bonding agent group.The main finding is that firing at 30 degrees C above the recommended temperature does not significantly affect bond strength between titanium and porcelain. SEM and EDS analysis indicate that fractures occur in the titanium oxide layer by oxidation firing and in the interface between titanium oxide layer and veneering material by bonding agent firing.This finding might indicate that three- point bending test is not a relevant method for determining bond strength in this case, since the firing methods might influence the ductility of the samples.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sveriges tandläkarförbund, 2013
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-7048 (URN)000326953000005 ()24341167 (PubMedID)17621 (Local ID)17621 (Archive number)17621 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved
Nordenram, G., Davidson, T., Gynther, G., Helgesson, G., Hultin, M., Jemt, T., . . . Tranæus, S. (2013). Qualitative studies of patients' perceptions of loss of teeth, the edentulous state and prosthetic rehabilitation: A systematic review with meta-synthesis (ed.). Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 71(3-4), 937-951
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Qualitative studies of patients' perceptions of loss of teeth, the edentulous state and prosthetic rehabilitation: A systematic review with meta-synthesis
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2013 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 71, no 3-4, p. 937-951Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. To conduct a systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative studies addressing patients' perceptions of loss of teeth, edentulism and oral rehabilitation. Background. Qualitative studies can complement quantitative studies by achieving deep understanding of patients' subjective experiences of losing teeth and coping with edentulism. They can also explore the perception that the benefits of prosthetic rehabilitation extend far beyond primary clinical treatment goals of restoration of oral function. Materials and methods. The major data bases were searched extensively for relevant qualitative and quantitative studies, followed by manual searching of the reference lists of included publications. Two authors independently read all abstracts. Relevant papers were retrieved in full-text and included or excluded according to a specially designed protocol. The included articles were then appraised and rated for quality: high, moderate or low. Articles of low quality were excluded. Results. The database search yielded 36 abstracts of qualitative studies; manual search disclosed one further article. All were read in full-text by two independent authors: 28 were excluded. Of the remaining nine, two (assessed as of low quality) were excluded for further analysis. Meta-synthesis, based on seven studies, disclosed two major themes: loss of quality-of-life associated with losing teeth and restored quality-of-life after oral rehabilitation. Conclusions. In this relatively new field of research, there are few published papers. Nevertheless, the studies to date show that loss of teeth is associated not only with compromised oral function, but also loss of social status and diminished self-esteem. Oral rehabilitation has broad positive implications, restoring quality of life and self-worth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2013
Keywords
edentulousness, qualitative research, quality-of-life, self-image
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-15671 (URN)10.3109/00016357.2012.734421 (DOI)000322832200082 ()23101439 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84877299438 (Scopus ID)15615 (Local ID)15615 (Archive number)15615 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Ahlgren, C., Bruze, M., Möller, H., Gruvberger, B., Axéll, T., Liedholm, R. & Nilner, K. (2012). Contact Allergy to Gold in Patients with Oral Lichen Lesions (ed.). Acta Dermato-Venereologica, 92(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contact Allergy to Gold in Patients with Oral Lichen Lesions
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2012 (English)In: Acta Dermato-Venereologica, ISSN 0001-5555, E-ISSN 1651-2057, Vol. 92, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aetiology of oral lichen lesions is obscure. In this study the frequency of contact allergy to gold in 83 patients with oral lichen lesions was compared with that in two control groups, comprising 319 age- and gender-matched patients with dermatitis selected from files and 83 clinically examined dermatitis patients. All patients were tested epicutaneously with gold sodium thiosulphate. The two control groups tested were under examination for a tentative diagnosis of allergic dermatitis not related to oral problems. The frequency of contact allergy to gold was 28.9% in the patients with oral lichen lesions, 18.2% in patients selected from files, and 22.9% in the clinically examined control patients. The difference in frequency between patients with oral lichen lesions and those taken from files was statistically significant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scandinavian University Press, 2012
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-15445 (URN)10.2340/00015555-1247 (DOI)000301823400005 ()22170162 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84859591272 (Scopus ID)15606 (Local ID)15606 (Archive number)15606 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Dierens, M., Vandeweghe, S., Kisch, J., Nilner, K. & De Bruyn, H. (2012). Long-term follow-up of turned single implants placed in periodontally healthy patients after 16–22 years: radiographic and peri-implant outcome (ed.). Clinical Oral Implants Research, 23(2), 197-204
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Long-term follow-up of turned single implants placed in periodontally healthy patients after 16–22 years: radiographic and peri-implant outcome
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2012 (English)In: Clinical Oral Implants Research, ISSN 0905-7161, E-ISSN 1600-0501, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 197-204Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Retrospectively evaluate the survival, radiographic and peri-implant outcome of single turned Brånemark™ implants after at least 16 years. Materials and methods: From 134 patients (C-group), 101 could be contacted concerning implant survival and 50 (59 remaining implants) were clinically examined (I-group). Marginal bone level was radiographically measured from the implant–abutment junction at baseline (=within 6 months after abutment connection) and 1–4, 5–8 and 16–22 years post-operatively. Probing depth, gingival and plaque index were measured. Marginal bone-level changes were analyzed using Friedman's and Wilcoxon's signed ranks tests. Spearman's correlations between radiographic and clinical parameters were calculated. Results: In the C-group, 13 out of 166 implants in 11 out of 134 patients failed (CSR=91.5%). In the I-group (28 males–22 females; mean age 23.9 years at baseline; range 14–57), the mean follow-up was 18.4 years (range 16–22). The mean bone level was 1.7±0.88 mm (range −0.8 to 5) after 16–22 years. Changes in the mean marginal bone level were statistically significant between baseline and the second measuring interval (1–4 years). Thereafter, no significant differences could be demonstrated. The mean interproximal probing depth, gingival and plaque indices were 3.9±1.27 mm, 1.2±0.81 and 0.2±0.48, respectively. Probing depth was moderately correlated with gingival inflammation (r=0.6; P<0.001) but not with bone level (P>0.05). 81.4% of the implants had a bone level ≤2nd thread and 91.5% had a probing depth ≤5 mm. 76.3% had both bone level ≤2nd thread and probing depth ≤5 mm. Conclusions and clinical implications: The single turned Brånemark™ implant is a predictable solution with high clinical survival and success rates. In general, a steady-state bone level can be expected over decades, with minimal signs of peri-implant disease. A minority (5%), however, presents with progressive bone loss.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2012
Keywords
dental implants, implant success, implant survival, marginal bone loss, peri-implantitis, single tooth
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-6912 (URN)10.1111/j.1600-0501.2011.02212.x (DOI)000299098700009 ()21732984 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84855948676 (Scopus ID)15657 (Local ID)15657 (Archive number)15657 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
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