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Diogo Löfgren, Christina
Publications (10 of 10) Show all publications
Sjödin, T., Diogo Löfgren, C., Glantz, P. O. & Christersson, C. (2020). Delmopinol - adsorption to and absorption through the oral mucosa. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 78(8), 572-579
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Delmopinol - adsorption to and absorption through the oral mucosa
2020 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 78, no 8, p. 572-579Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The findings indicate that delmopinol interacts with the salivary film of the upper labial mucosa and affects its polarity. It appears that delmopinol assists in the maintenance of the hydrophilicity of the mucosal pellicle and thereby also reinforcing hydration of the mucosa. The rat autoradiograms, showed that radioactivity remains in the oral mucosa after 24 h, but diffuses through the mucosal membranes into the systemic circulation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Keywords
Delmopinol, autoradiography, contact angle measurements, oral mucosa, saliva film formation
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-17351 (URN)10.1080/00016357.2020.1758772 (DOI)000532055400001 ()32348171 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85084291308 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-05-19 Created: 2020-05-19 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Diogo Löfgren, C. & Christersson, C. (2016). Clinical characterization of oral dryness by a multiple methodological approach.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Clinical characterization of oral dryness by a multiple methodological approach
2016 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-18166 (URN)
Available from: 2020-09-02 Created: 2020-09-02 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved
Diogo Löfgren, C. (2016). Oral dryness in relation to film-forming properties of saliva (ed.). (Doctoral dissertation). Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Oral dryness in relation to film-forming properties of saliva
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Dry mouth, or oral dryness, is a complex and quite commoncondition, reported with a varying prevalence of 10-80 %, expressed as a physiological deficiency with or without perceived dysfunction. This condition can severely affect oral health, oral function andquality of life.This thesis is based on four studies:Study I is a systematic review of the scientific literature and anevaluation of the quality of the evidence for diagnostic methods used to identify oral dryness. The literature included publications during the time period January 1966 to February 2011.Results and conclusions: The database searches resulted in 224 titles and abstracts. A total of 18 original studies were judged relevant and interpreted for this review. When evaluating the included studies witha quality assessment tool for diagnostic accuracy, many of the studiesexhibited shortcomings. The most common shortcomings were that the patient selection criteria were not clearly described and the test or reference methods were not described in sufficient detail. Seven of the included studies presented their results as a percentage of correct diagnoses. The evidence for the efficacy of clinical methods to assess oral dryness is sparse and improved standards for the reporting ofdiagnostic accuracy are needed in order to assure the methodological quality of studies. Furthermore, a global consensus regarding theterminology of oral dryness is needed in order to facilitate diagnostic procedures, choice of treatment and research design. Salivary dysfunction has mainly been described as being related to low salivary flow rate but the correlation between salivary flow rate and symptoms has shown to be weak. This suggests that not onlyquantity as a parameter, but also qualitative parameters of saliva,are needed to be included as factors of importance in evaluatingthe perception of oral dryness. The protective functions of salivaare performed both through and within the bulk liquid phase ofsaliva, but maybe more implicit through saliva components beingdynamically associated as a thin intermediary film on all surfacesexposed in the oral cavity. For instance, examples of qualitativeprotective functions of surface associated saliva would be the film- forming capacity and rheological characteristics of saliva. Today thereis a lack of clinical diagnostic methods that systematically combine individual’s perception of saliva and tests of protective functions of saliva, which in combination may identify individuals at risk andneed of directed preventive regimens.The overall aim of this thesis was to evaluate scientifically reported diagnostic methods in use to identify oral dryness and to exploremethods for clinical monitoring of protective functional characteristicsof salivary films Study II surveyed the occurrence of subjective and objective oraldryness in two populations, one randomly selected group and onedental care-seeking group. The relationship between subjectiveand objective oral dryness to clinical parameters was analyzed and individuals were designated into one of four groups depending onthe occurrence of subjectively described and /or clinically measured oral dryness.Results and conclusions: No association between subjective oraldryness and flow rates of unstimulated and stimulated saliva wasfound in either of the two populations studied. Individuals identified with subjective oral dryness or objective oral dryness presented to a greater extent a history of oral rehabilitation compared to individualswho showed no indications of oral dryness. Results and conclusions: Individuals with subjective oral drynessexhibited lower values for saliva viscosity and elasticity, whencompared to the other groups. Additionally, the amount of salivaassociated to a germanium prism was the lowest measured in thisgroup, even if the total protein concentration was not extremely low. These test results in combination with a moderate decrease in surfacetension after 600 s may be indicative of a lower film forming capacityof saliva from individuals expressing subjective oral dryness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology, 2016. p. 119
Series
Doctoral Dissertation in Odontology
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-7689 (URN)19636 (Local ID)978-91-7104-658-1 (ISBN)978-91-7104-659-8 (ISBN)19636 (Archive number)19636 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved
Diogo Löfgren, C., Johansson, D., Bohlin, L., Sahlström, A. & Christersson, C. (2015). The Challenge of Measuring Viscoelastic Properties of Human Whole Saliva to Fit Clinical Purpose. International Journal of Oral and Dental Health, 1(4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Challenge of Measuring Viscoelastic Properties of Human Whole Saliva to Fit Clinical Purpose
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2015 (English)In: International Journal of Oral and Dental Health, ISSN 2469-5734, Vol. 1, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To understand the protective functions of saliva secreted from different glands in the masticatory process, it is of interest to study its viscoelastic properties. Characterization of saliva samples are not that easily performed in a clinical setting, since most of the experimental techniques and instruments available are developed for research purposes. The aim of this study was to characterize how the viscoelastic properties of saliva can be measured and monitored using two laboratory instruments. Unstimulated whole saliva from 11 healthy volunteers was characterized using two instruments, an ARES-G2 rheometer and a Bohlin Oscillating Cup Rheometer. Measurements performed on unstimulated human whole saliva showed that the ARES rheometer will in linear viscoelastic conditions of the sample give absolute viscoelastic numbers of undisturbed saliva whilst the BOCR can be used to give an indication of gel strength, gel formation, and gel stability in viscoelastic samples being sheared in their non-linear viscoelastic region by introducing a Saliva Gel Strength Index, SGSI. Both methods clearly illustrate the presence of viscoelastic properties in saliva.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ClinMed International, 2015
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-18165 (URN)10.23937/2469-5734/1510017 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-09-02 Created: 2020-09-02 Last updated: 2022-09-05Bibliographically approved
Diogo Löfgren, C., Wickström, C., Sonesson, M., Tapia Lagunas, P. & Christersson, C. (2012). A systematic review of methods to diagnose oral dryness and salivary gland function (ed.). BMC Oral Health, 12(29)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A systematic review of methods to diagnose oral dryness and salivary gland function
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2012 (English)In: BMC Oral Health, ISSN 1472-6831, E-ISSN 1472-6831, Vol. 12, no 29Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background The most advocated clinical method for diagnosing salivary dysfunction is to quantitate unstimulated and stimulated whole saliva (sialometry). Since there is an expected and wide variation in salivary flow rates among individuals, the assessment of dysfunction can be difficult. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the quality of the evidence for the efficacy of diagnostic methods used to identify oral dryness. Methods A literature search, with specific indexing terms and a hand search, was conducted for publications that described a method to diagnose oral dryness. The electronic databases of PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were used as data sources. Four reviewers selected publications on the basis of predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were extracted from the selected publications using a protocol. Original studies were interpreted with the aid of Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS) tool. Results The database searches resulted in 224 titles and abstracts. Of these abstracts, 80 publications were judged to meet the inclusion criteria and read in full. A total of 18 original studies were judged relevant and interpreted for this review. In all studies, the results of the test method were compared to those of a reference method. Based on the interpretation (with the aid of the QUADAS tool) it can be reported that the patient selection criteria were not clearly described and the test or reference methods were not described in sufficient detail for it to be reproduced. None of the included studies reported information on uninterpretable/intermediate results nor data on observer or instrument variation. Seven of the studies presented their results as a percentage of correct diagnoses. Conclusions The evidence for the efficacy of clinical methods to assess oral dryness is sparse and it can be stated that improved standards for the reporting of diagnostic accuracy are needed in order to assure the methodological quality of studies. There is need for effective diagnostic criteria and functional tests in order to detect those individuals with oral dryness who may require oral treatment, such as alleviation of discomfort and/or prevention of diseases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2012
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-15627 (URN)10.1186/1472-6831-12-29 (DOI)000315591200001 ()22870895 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84873702513 (Scopus ID)14096 (Local ID)14096 (Archive number)14096 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Johansson, D., Stading, M., Diogo Löfgren, C. & Christersson, C. (2011). Effect of Acid Stimulation on the Dynamic Rheological Properties of Human Saliva (ed.). In: (Ed.), (Ed.), The Transactions of the Nordic Rheology Society: . Paper presented at Nordic Rheology Conference (NRC), Helsinki, Finland (2011) (pp. 27-31). : Nordic Rheology Society, Article ID 19.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of Acid Stimulation on the Dynamic Rheological Properties of Human Saliva
2011 (English)In: The Transactions of the Nordic Rheology Society, Nordic Rheology Society , 2011, p. 27-31, article id 19Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordic Rheology Society, 2011
Series
Annual Transactions of the Nordic Rheology Society ; 19
Keywords
Rheology, Saliva, Acid stimulation
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-12308 (URN)18766 (Local ID)18766 (Archive number)18766 (OAI)
Conference
Nordic Rheology Conference (NRC), Helsinki, Finland (2011)
Available from: 2020-02-29 Created: 2020-02-29 Last updated: 2022-09-05Bibliographically approved
Diogo Löfgren, C., Isberg, P.-E. & Christersson, C. (2010). Screening for Oral Dryness in Relation to Salivary Flow Rate Addresses the Need for Functional Tests of Saliva (ed.). Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry, 8(3), 243-252
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Screening for Oral Dryness in Relation to Salivary Flow Rate Addresses the Need for Functional Tests of Saliva
2010 (English)In: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry, ISSN 1602-1622, E-ISSN 1757-9996, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 243-252Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to assess the occurrence of reported subjective oral dryness in relation to objective sialometric values in a randomly selected group and a dental care seeking group. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire assessing subjective oral dryness was sent out to a randomly selected sample of 200 individuals. The dental care seeking group was recruited from among patients attending the Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University. A total of 200 patients were asked to participate in the present study. In total, of 312 individuals (78%) who completed the survey, 157 agreed to participate in the complementary clinical examination that included measures of salivary flow rate. Results: The reported subjective oral dryness was 20% and 28.6% for the randomly selected group and the dental care seeking group, respectively. No statistically significant differences were found between the two study populations with regard to percentage of reported subjective oral dryness, and stimulated and unstimulated salivary flow rates (P > 0.05). In the dental care seeking group, individuals reporting subjective oral dryness presented ‘a small degree of abrasion in the dentine in the incisor region’ to a greater extent (P < 0.05). No statistically significant association between subjective oral dryness and unstimulated and stimulated salivary flow rates was found in either of the studied populations (P > 0.05). Individuals identified with subjective or objective oral dryness presented to a greater extent a history of oral rehabilitation compared to individuals who showed no indication of oral dryness. Conclusions: No association between sialometric measures and subjective report of oral dryness was found in the present study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Quintessence, 2010
Keywords
dry mouth
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-6852 (URN)10658 (Local ID)10658 (Archive number)10658 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2022-09-05Bibliographically approved
Stading, M., Johansson, D., Diogo Löfgren, C. & Christersson, C. (2009). Viscoelastic properties of saliva from different glands (ed.). In: (Ed.), (Ed.), Annual transactions of the Nordic Rheology Society, Vol 17: . Paper presented at Nordic Rheology Conference (NRC), Reykjavík, Iceland (2009) (pp. 109-112).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Viscoelastic properties of saliva from different glands
2009 (English)In: Annual transactions of the Nordic Rheology Society, Vol 17, 2009, p. 109-112Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The viscoelastic properties of saliva from different glands were characterized using small amplitude oscillatory shear with a narrow gap parallel plate system. Mechanical spectra of stimulated and unstimulated human submandibular-sublingual saliva (HSMSL) and human parotid saliva (HPS) were compared. The HSMSL saliva had higher modulus and longer relaxation times due to higher mucus content than the parotid saliva. Unstimulated saliva showed the same behaviour when compared to stimulated saliva, but only after aresting period of 20 minutes.

Series
Annual transactions of the Nordic Rheology Society, ISSN 1601-4057
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-12291 (URN)10653 (Local ID)10653 (Archive number)10653 (OAI)
Conference
Nordic Rheology Conference (NRC), Reykjavík, Iceland (2009)
Available from: 2020-02-29 Created: 2020-02-29 Last updated: 2022-09-05Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M. R., Diogo Löfgren, C. & Jansson, H. (2008). The effect of laser therapy as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal treatment in subjects with chronic periodontitis: a systematic review (ed.). Journal of Periodontology, 79(11), 2021-2028
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The effect of laser therapy as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal treatment in subjects with chronic periodontitis: a systematic review
2008 (English)In: Journal of Periodontology, ISSN 0022-3492, E-ISSN 1943-3670, Vol. 79, no 11, p. 2021-2028Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: The objective of this study was to systematically review the evidence on the effectiveness of laser therapy as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal treatment in adults with chronic periodontitis. Methods: A search was conducted for randomized controlled trials comparing the outcome of periodontitis with laser as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in the treatment of chronic periodontal disease. The electronic databases, PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, were used as data sources. Screening, data abstraction, and quality assessment were conducted independently by three reviewers (MK, HJ, and CDL). The primary outcome measures evaluated were changes in clinical attachment level, probing depth, and bleeding on probing. Results: The search resulted in 25 abstracts; four randomized controlled clinical trials were included. Four different laser methods were used; consequently, it was impossible to conduct a quantitative data synthesis leading to a meta-analysis. All studies included a limited number of subjects. Conclusions: No consistent evidence supports the efficacy of laser treatment as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal treatment in adults with chronic periodontitis. More randomized controlled clinical trials are needed. PMID: 18980508 [PubMed - in process]

National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-6003 (URN)10.1902/jop.2008.080197 (DOI)000260933900004 ()18980508 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-55749093432 (Scopus ID)6767 (Local ID)6767 (Archive number)6767 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Arvidsson, A., Diogo Löfgren, C., Christersson, C., Glantz, P.-O. & Wennerberg, A. (2004). Characterisation of Structures in Salivary Secretion Film Forma-tion. An Experimental Study with Atomic Force Microscopy (ed.). Biofouling (Print), 20(3), 181-188
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Characterisation of Structures in Salivary Secretion Film Forma-tion. An Experimental Study with Atomic Force Microscopy
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2004 (English)In: Biofouling (Print), ISSN 0892-7014, E-ISSN 1029-2454, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 181-188Article in journal (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present study was to characterise the structure dynamics of pure salivary secretions retained on controlled surfaces with different surface energies in the early stage of salivary film formation. Germanium prisms prepared to have either low surface energy of medium surface energy were incubated in fresh secretions of either human parotid saliva (HPS) or human submandibular/sublingual saliva (HSMSLS) for 15,90 and 180 min. After controlled rinsing with distilled water, the surfaces were air dried and thereafter imaged with atomic force microscopy (AFM). The amount of adsorbed material and the size of the structures detected increased with increased saliva exposure time. the film thicknesses varied from 10 to 160 nm, and both HPS and HSMSLS films contained structures with diameters varying from 40 nm to 2 microm. Some of these were clustered into special formations. The HPS films exhibited a more granular morphology than the HSMSLS films. Furthermore, branched lines were detected on the low surface energy germanium prisms incubated in saliva. the results indicate that exposure time, surface energy, and type of salivary secretion all are factors affecting the adsorption characteristics of salivary films.

Keywords
Afm (Atomic force microscopy), Salivary Films, Adsorption Morphology, Germanium
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-15910 (URN)10.1080/08927010400001790 (DOI)000224978000007 ()15545068 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-8844233511 (Scopus ID)3026 (Local ID)3026 (Archive number)3026 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
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