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Backman, Jyri
Publications (10 of 31) Show all publications
Carlsson, B. & Backman, J. (2023). Juridification of fandom: dealing with spectators' expressions of 'too much joy' in Swedish football. Soccer & Society, 24(3), 364-377
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Juridification of fandom: dealing with spectators' expressions of 'too much joy' in Swedish football
2023 (English)In: Soccer & Society, ISSN 1466-0970, E-ISSN 1743-9590, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 364-377Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The essay address different forms of 'extensive joyfulness' among football spectators, and the Swedish legal responses to these actions, due to the actions' classification as pitch invasion and trespassing, in legal terms. The essay presents the legal context, by focusing on external regulation of public order and surveillance as well as internal by-laws dealing with spectator security. By using two cases, from the district court, the essay reflects on the legal systems possibility and relevance in order to react on expressions of 'too much joy', as a legal sign of pitch invasion and the disturbance of public order. The analysi focuses on the problems of juridification when the law has to handle various mundane and 'trivial' social issues. The argument is that the football management has to amalgamate different forms of 'extensive joyfulness', in a discretionary manner, to the logics of entertainment before turning them to legal issues

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-59239 (URN)10.1080/14660970.2023.2179199 (DOI)000943768800001 ()2-s2.0-85149597020 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-04-17 Created: 2023-04-17 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Backman, J. (2021). Ishockeyns affärer: en jämförelse mellan svensk och finsk elitishockey. In: Vårt gemensamma innanhav: Finskt och svenskt kring Östersjön: (pp. 101-127). Göteborg och Helsingfors: Kungl. Vetenskaps- och Vitterhets-Samhället i Göteborg och Finska Vetenskaps-Societeten
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ishockeyns affärer: en jämförelse mellan svensk och finsk elitishockey
2021 (Swedish)In: Vårt gemensamma innanhav: Finskt och svenskt kring Östersjön, Göteborg och Helsingfors: Kungl. Vetenskaps- och Vitterhets-Samhället i Göteborg och Finska Vetenskaps-Societeten , 2021, p. 101-127Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg och Helsingfors: Kungl. Vetenskaps- och Vitterhets-Samhället i Göteborg och Finska Vetenskaps-Societeten, 2021
Series
Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum et Litterarum Gothoburgensis, ISSN 0347-4925 ; 19
Keywords
Östersjön, gemensamma, innanhav, finskt, svenskt, ishockey
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-41091 (URN)9789198464733 (ISBN)9789516534575 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-03-08 Created: 2021-03-08 Last updated: 2022-08-17Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, B., Backman, J. & Stark, T. (2020). Introduction: the progress of elite ice hockey beyond the NHL (ed.) [Letter to the editor]. Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, 23(3), 355-360
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction: the progress of elite ice hockey beyond the NHL
2020 (English)In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 355-360Article in journal, Letter (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction to Special Issue: The Progress of Elite Ice Hockey, Beyond NHL: A Focus on (G)local culture(s), Migration, Entrepreneurship, Americanization and Oligarchism. Guest Editors: Bo Carlsson, Jyri Backman and Tobias Stark

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Keywords
Ice hockey, NHL, KHL, Nordic, European
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-3757 (URN)10.1080/17430437.2020.1696518 (DOI)000499067300001 ()2-s2.0-85075718485 (Scopus ID)30778 (Local ID)30778 (Archive number)30778 (OAI)
Note

Article, editorial letter

Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Backman, J. & Carlsson, B. (2020). Jokerit’s move to KHL: an odd momentum in the commercialization of Nordic elite ice hockey (ed.). Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, 23(3), 505-522
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Jokerit’s move to KHL: an odd momentum in the commercialization of Nordic elite ice hockey
2020 (English)In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 505-522Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article is set to target several tensions, problems and possibilities in Finnish (and Nordic) men’s elite ice hockey, which have arisen due to increasing commercialization and professionalization. This process has accelerated simultaneously with the recent development and advances of the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL), in addition to the constant and general influences of NHL (i.e., Americanization). Thus, the essay will focus on Jokerit as an illustrative case. To state, Jokerit, founded in 1967, is a powerhouse in Finnish ice hockey, both sport- ingly and financially. The commercialization of Finnish elite ice hockey culminated in 2014/2015 when Jokerit joined KHL. This article reflects on Jokerit’s financial and legal challenges, as well as the commercial press and progress in Nordic elite ice hockey and thus on Jokerit’s drift towards KHL. In addition to these topics, the essay presents and discusses different aspects of the progress of KHL, as well as its reasons and consequences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Keywords
Nordic, Finland, ice hockey, commercialization, Jokerit, KHL
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-2852 (URN)10.1080/17430437.2020.1696537 (DOI)000501091300001 ()2-s2.0-85076403666 (Scopus ID)30775 (Local ID)30775 (Archive number)30775 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Backman, J. & Carlsson, B. (2020). The progress of SHL Sport Ltd, in light of ‘Americanization’, juridification and hybridity (ed.). Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, 23(3), 452-468
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The progress of SHL Sport Ltd, in light of ‘Americanization’, juridification and hybridity
2020 (English)In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 452-468Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

SHL and the Swedish Ice Hockey Federation stand as the principal force or engine behind the commercialization processes in Swedish sport, due to influences from the commercial culture of NHL (i.e., the ‘Americanization’ of sport and society). In addition, the impact of the KHL with regard to player migration has forced the league to look for new commercial alternatives and forms of organization. At the same time, Swedish sport in general is, like ice hockey, basically founded on and ruled by the hegemony of the Swedish Sports Confederation and its basically idealistic values. Thus, SHL is shaped by normative dualism as well as by an incipient commercialization process. The ambition of the following text in this respect is to describe and analyze this dilemma by applying the concepts of juridification and hybridity, in addition to providing general perspectives on the Americanization processes in ice hockey and by testing and illustrating this dilemma by the case of the Växjö Lakers, Ltd/Plc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Keywords
Hegemony, Swedish Sport Movement, normative dualism, stock market, forms of associations, Växjö Lakers
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-2756 (URN)10.1080/17430437.2020.1696528 (DOI)000501967000001 ()2-s2.0-85076409057 (Scopus ID)30779 (Local ID)30779 (Archive number)30779 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Backman, J. & Carlsson, B. (2019). SHL: en kluven hybrid av kommersiell ambition och normativ dualism. In: Åsa Bäckström; Karin Book; Bo Carlsson; PG Fahlström (Ed.), Åsa Bäckström, Karin Book, Bo Carlsson, PG Fahlström (Ed.), Sport Management. Del 2, Styrning och samhällsengagemang inom svensk idrott: (pp. 104-135). SISU idrottsböcker
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SHL: en kluven hybrid av kommersiell ambition och normativ dualism
2019 (Swedish)In: Sport Management. Del 2, Styrning och samhällsengagemang inom svensk idrott / [ed] Åsa Bäckström; Karin Book; Bo Carlsson; PG Fahlström, SISU idrottsböcker , 2019, p. 104-135Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SISU idrottsböcker, 2019
Keywords
Ishockey, SHL, kommersialism, professionalism, normativ, dualism
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-10037 (URN)30774 (Local ID)9789177270522 (ISBN)30774 (Archive number)30774 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2023-09-04Bibliographically approved
Backman, J. (2018). Därför stänger inte svenska hockeyligan (ed.). Idrottsforskning : en populärvetenskaplig tidning från Centrum för idrottsforskning (6 dec 2018)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Därför stänger inte svenska hockeyligan
2018 (Swedish)In: Idrottsforskning : en populärvetenskaplig tidning från Centrum för idrottsforskning, ISSN 2002-3944, no 6 dec 2018Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Centrum för idrottsforskning, 2018
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-2750 (URN)27913 (Local ID)27913 (Archive number)27913 (OAI)
Note
Article, MagazineAvailable from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2020-06-02Bibliographically approved
Backman, J. (2018). Ice hockey organization and innovation in Sweden and Finland. In: (Ed.), Innovation for the future of ice hockey around the world: (pp. 237-246). LLC Publishing House Sport
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ice hockey organization and innovation in Sweden and Finland
2018 (English)In: Innovation for the future of ice hockey around the world, LLC Publishing House Sport , 2018, p. 237-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
LLC Publishing House Sport, 2018
Keywords
ice hockey, Sweden, Finland, Innovation, Organization
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-9816 (URN)27922 (Local ID)978-5-9500182-7-5 (ISBN)27922 (Archive number)27922 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2023-08-29Bibliographically approved
Backman, J. (2018). Ishockeyns amerikanisering: en studie av svensk och finsk elitishockey (ed.). (Doctoral dissertation). : Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ishockeyns amerikanisering: en studie av svensk och finsk elitishockey
2018 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle, 2018. p. 414
Series
Malmö Studies in Sport Sciences, ISSN 1652-3180 ; 27
Keywords
Americanization, Elite ice hockey, Sweden, Finland, NHL, KHL, European Model of Sport, American Model of Sport, Major Leagues
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-7493 (URN)10.24834/2043/24404 (DOI)24404 (Local ID)978-91-7104-902-5 (ISBN)978-91-7104-903-2 (ISBN)24404 (Archive number)24404 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2020-06-02Bibliographically approved
Backman, J. (2017). Elite Ice Hockey – A Pleasure Only in Major Cities?: A Comparison of Swedish and Finnish Elite Ice Hockey Clubs Geographical Location 2015/2016 (ed.). Paper presented at Global Issues and New Ideas in Sport Management, Kaunas, Lithuania (20–23 june 2017). Paper presented at Global Issues and New Ideas in Sport Management, Kaunas, Lithuania (20–23 june 2017). : Lithuanian Sports University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Elite Ice Hockey – A Pleasure Only in Major Cities?: A Comparison of Swedish and Finnish Elite Ice Hockey Clubs Geographical Location 2015/2016
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background/problem/issue One feature that characterizes National Hockey League (NHL) is that NHL-owners run NHL-clubs in geographical cities/regions that have the best conditions for marketing NHL. Professionalization and commercialization of NHL has also huge impact on global elite ice hockey’s development and commercialization (Kidd and Macfarlane, 1972). NHL influences (i.e. Americanization of sport) have also reached Swedish and Finnish elite ice hockey (Backman, 2012). Even though Sweden and Finland are countries with strong historical ties and a similar tradition of organizing sport (i.e. amateurism and promotion and relegation) representatives of elite ice hockey has chosen different paths (Backman, 2012). Swedish sport and elite ice hockey is organized according to the European Model of Sport with the Swedish Ice Hockey Federation as governing body for all Swedish ice hockey. In Finland the elite ice hockey representatives has chosen to implement several significant feature of the NHL (i.e. American Model of Sport). For example one from the Finnish Ice Hockey Federation autonomous SM-liiga, that runs the elite league, and a closed league, with no promotion or relegation (Backman, 2012). The main problem and research task question is hereby to analyze if this organizational difference has affected the geographical structure where Swedish and Finnish elite ice hockey clubs was located geographically in relation to the size of population 2015/2016 season. Theory Americanization. The term Americanization means of tradition that American influence and culture is received/imported/forced to a country (Alm, 2002). Americanization has mainly been used in three different meanings. According to the first meaning the concept of Americanization is seen as a center and periphery relationship between the US and the world. As the world's most powerful state, the US, through its economic and political strength have exported their culture to other countries (Alm, 2002). In a hockey perspective this is related to the NHL's hegemonic position. In a second sense, a joint development of modernization is ongoing in the US and Europe. The third meaning refers Americanization to international intermediation of values, ideas and images and symbols with a clear American origin. The provision of these American impulses can be discussed in terms of center/periphery relations between the US and the world. The American impulses are not included in the same shape in the recipient countries; these have been adapted to the conditions in the recipient country. In this case, it is not about America's domination but about what each recipient country chosen to receive (Alm, 2002). In a hockey perspective, the third meaning is related to the impulses from the NHL as the representatives of the Swedish and Finnish ice hockey implemented and implements in each country's elite ice hockey. Method Comparative study based on document analysis. My documents consist of public statistics from Statistics Sweden and Finnish Population Register Center, media publications, research about NHL, Swedish and Finnish ice hockey and the American and European Model of Sport. Result In the Swedish elite league (SHL) six of a total of fourteen clubs were from the ten largest municipalities in terms of population. Five clubs were from municipalities located 11-30. Other clubs were from smaller municipalities. One club came from the municipality that did not belong to the fifty largest in terms of population. In Swedish ice hockey there are exceptions from the principle that cities or regions with biggest ice hockey interest have clubs in the elite league (Östman, 1996). Hereto several large Swedish cities don’t have elite league ice hockey, for example Norrköping, Uppsala and Umeå. This development can be explained by Swedish elite ice hockey’s structure, i.e. sporting logic with promotion and relegation, and close connection to the European Model of Sport. In the Finnish elite ice hockey league (SM-liiga) ten of the fifteen clubs was geographically located in the ten most populous municipalities. Five clubs were from municipalities located 11-30 in terms of population. I should be noted that the biggest Finnish elite ice hockey club in economic terms, Jokerit HC from Helsinki, plays since 2014/2015 in the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL). According to historian Jani Mesikämmen Finnish elite ice hockey began to be concentrated in the larger cities in connection with the ice hockey sport’s emergence (Mesikämmen, 2001). Finnish elite ice hockey is by these facts closer to the NHL’s geographical structure (i.e. American Model of Sport) than Swedish elite ice hockey. A feature of the Swedish ice hockey (and the European Model of Sport) is that small clubs in small cities/regions can advance to the elite league (SHL). References Alm, Martin (2002), Americanitis: Amerika som sjukdom eller läkemedel: svenska berättelser om USA åren 1900–1939 [Americanitis: America as disease or medicine: Swedish stories about the US the years 1900-1939], Diss. Lunds universitet. Backman, Jyri (2012), I skuggan av NHL: En organisationsstudie av svensk och finsk elitishockey, licentiatavhandling [In the shade of the NHL: An organizational study of Swedish and Finnish elite ice hockey], Göteborgs universitet, IPD-rapporter/institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik, 2012 Nr. 4. Kidd, Bruce and Macfarlane, John (1972), The Death of Hockey, New press, Toronto. Mesikämmen, Jani (2001), ”From Part-time Passion to Big-time Business: The Professionalization of Finnish Ice Hockey” in Howell D. Colin [ed.] (2011), Putting it in Ice, Volume II: Internationalizing ´Canada´s Game´, Gorsebrook Research Institute, Saint Mary´s University, Halifax. Östman, Lars (1996), Från byalagen till Leksand Stars [From a village team to Leksand Stars], Con Scientia, Nacka.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lithuanian Sports University, 2017
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-11758 (URN)23430 (Local ID)23430 (Archive number)23430 (OAI)
Conference
Global Issues and New Ideas in Sport Management, Kaunas, Lithuania (20–23 june 2017)
Available from: 2020-02-29 Created: 2020-02-29 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved
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