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Berglund, Christofer, PhD, DocentORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9923-0775
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 12) Show all publications
Berglund, C. & Bolkvadze, K. (2024). Sons of the Soil or Servants of the Empire?: Profiling the Guardians of Separatism in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Problems of Post-Communism, 71(1), 37-48
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sons of the Soil or Servants of the Empire?: Profiling the Guardians of Separatism in Abkhazia and South Ossetia
2024 (English)In: Problems of Post-Communism, ISSN 1075-8216, E-ISSN 1557-783X, Vol. 71, no 1, p. 37-48Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Who are the guardians of separatism in Abkhazia and South Ossetia? These de facto states can be seen as self-determination movements or as outgrowths of Russian imperialism. We arbitrate between these competing scripts using a dataset that profiles officials in charge of high politics decision-making inside Georgia’s separatist entities from 1992 through 2020 (N=608). We find that most are sons of the soil, though Abkhazia’s guardians are more multicultural than South Ossetia’s. Russian emissaries seized influential posts inside the self-declared republics after 2003 and, since then, sit in on Security Council meetings, thus rendering them incapable of autonomous decision-making.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2024
Keywords
De facto states; ethnic conflicts; geopolitics; Abkhazia; South Ossetia; Russia.
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-54355 (URN)10.1080/10758216.2022.2102039 (DOI)000837606000001 ()2-s2.0-85135553943 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Research Council of Norway, 287815Swedish Research Council, VR 2016-00783
Available from: 2022-08-08 Created: 2022-08-08 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Berglund, C. (2022). Accepting Alien Rule? State-Building Nationalism in Georgia's Azeri Borderland (1ed.). In: Cindy Wittke (Ed.), Post-Soviet Conflict Potentials: (pp. 113-135). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Accepting Alien Rule? State-Building Nationalism in Georgia's Azeri Borderland
2022 (English)In: Post-Soviet Conflict Potentials / [ed] Cindy Wittke, Abingdon: Routledge, 2022, 1, p. 113-135Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

How did ethnic Azeris in the Marneuli, Bolnisi and Dmanisi districts, located inside Georgia but bordering Azerbaijan, react to the reorganisation of political space along national lines after the Soviet Union’s dissolution? ‘Beached’ in foreign states bent on nationalising their domains, minorities throughout Eurasia sometimes rejected and sometimes accepted their alien rulers. This essay examines reactions to this predicament among Georgia’s Azeris. Drawing on elite interviews and data from a matched-guise experiment, it concludes that locals have come to accept their host state after its state-building nationalism took an inclusive turn and the distinction between aliens and natives faded.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2022 Edition: 1
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-53910 (URN)10.4324/9781003304920-6 (DOI)9781003304920 (ISBN)
Projects
Planning for Integration: Landscapes of Power in Borderland Governance
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2020-00870
Available from: 2022-07-27 Created: 2022-07-27 Last updated: 2022-08-01Bibliographically approved
Berglund, C., Kasearu, K. & Kivirähk, J. (2022). Fighting for the (Step)motherland? Predictors of Defense Willingness in Estonia’s Post-Soviet Generation. Journal of Political & Military Sociology, 49(2), 146-169
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fighting for the (Step)motherland? Predictors of Defense Willingness in Estonia’s Post-Soviet Generation
2022 (English)In: Journal of Political & Military Sociology, ISSN 0047-2697, E-ISSN 2642-2190, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 146-169Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What makes individuals willing to defend their (adopted) homeland as their own? This is an essential question for all diverse societies. We turn to the case of Estonia, which inherited a sizable Russian-speaking population after the fall of the Soviet Union. Using recent polling data, we test demographic and attitudinal predictors of defense willingness among the first generation of males that have been raised in the republic since the restoration of independence. The results enable us to unpack differences between Estonian-speakers and Russian-speakers, as well as disagreements among the latter, which shed light on the state of social cohesion in Estonia’s national fabric.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University Press of Florida, 2022
Keywords
defense willingness; Estonia; Russian-speakers; social cohesion
National Category
Political Science Sociology
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-57328 (URN)10.5744/jpms.2022.2002 (DOI)2-s2.0-85152731974 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, S2-20-0011
Available from: 2023-01-10 Created: 2023-01-10 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Blauvelt, T., Berglund, C. & Driscoll, J. (2022). Matched-Guise Reloaded: Revising a Classic Experiment for Complex Multi-Lingual Settings. In: Guoli Liu and Joanna Drzewieniecki (Ed.), Russian Studies, Political Science, and the Philosophy of Technology: (pp. 149-167). Lanham: Lexington Books
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Matched-Guise Reloaded: Revising a Classic Experiment for Complex Multi-Lingual Settings
2022 (English)In: Russian Studies, Political Science, and the Philosophy of Technology / [ed] Guoli Liu and Joanna Drzewieniecki, Lanham: Lexington Books, 2022, p. 149-167Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lanham: Lexington Books, 2022
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-51052 (URN)978-1-66690-636-3 (ISBN)
Projects
Planning for Integration: Landscapes of Power in Borderland Governance [InBorder]
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2020-00870
Available from: 2022-04-12 Created: 2022-04-12 Last updated: 2022-04-12Bibliographically approved
Berglund, C., Gotfredsen, K. B., Hudson, J. & Petersson, B. (Eds.). (2021). Language and Society in the Caucasus: Understanding the Past, Navigating the Present. Lund: Universus Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Language and Society in the Caucasus: Understanding the Past, Navigating the Present
Show others...
2021 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This book brings together a strong and international team of linguists, historians, and social and political scientists renowned for their expertise on North and South Caucasus. Their contributions paint a compelling picture of the region’s contested past and highlight some of the enduring challenges still confronting it. Taken together, the ten chapters of the book enhance our understanding of the region’s ancient languages, shed light on historical events of crucial significance, and uncover mechanisms behind political conflict and cooperation in the tinderbox that is the Caucasus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Universus Press, 2021. p. 248
Keywords
Caucasus, Languages, Societies
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-42311 (URN)978-91-87439-67-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-05-25 Created: 2021-05-25 Last updated: 2023-07-04Bibliographically approved
Berglund, C., Dragojevic, M. & Blauvelt, T. (2021). Sticking Together?: Georgia’s “Beached” Armenians Between Mobilization and Acculturation. Nationalism & Ethnic Politics, 27(2), 109-127
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sticking Together?: Georgia’s “Beached” Armenians Between Mobilization and Acculturation
2021 (English)In: Nationalism & Ethnic Politics, ISSN 1353-7113, E-ISSN 1557-2986, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 109-127Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As the USSR fell apart and independent countries took its place, minorities across Eurasia found themselves stranded in nationalizing states. This article focuses on one of these “beached diasporas”: Georgia’s Armenians. Through a mixed-methods approach, consisting of interviews with activists and a sociolinguistic experiment administered to adolescents (N = 529), we uncover differences among Armenians in their reactions to Georgia’s nationalization policies. Armenians from the borderland of Javakheti mobilized in defence of the in-group but their co-ethnics from the capital of Tbilisi opted for acculturation. These intragroup differences demonstrate that members of the same ethnic group can react to the same nationalization policies along disparate lines, thus adding nuance to the literature on beached diasporas in the post-Soviet space.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2021
Keywords
nationalization, beached diasporas, intragroup differences, post-Soviet, Caucasus, Armenians
National Category
Political Science Human Geography
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-44712 (URN)10.1080/13537113.2021.1911495 (DOI)000671679200001 ()2-s2.0-85109655589 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Planning for Integration: Landscapes of Power in Borderland Governance
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2020-00870
Available from: 2021-07-11 Created: 2021-07-11 Last updated: 2023-10-03Bibliographically approved
Berglund, C. (2020). Accepting Alien Rule? State-Building Nationalism in Georgia’s Azeri Borderland (ed.). Europe-Asia Studies, 72(2), 263-285
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Accepting Alien Rule? State-Building Nationalism in Georgia’s Azeri Borderland
2020 (English)In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 72, no 2, p. 263-285Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How did ethnic Azeris in the Marneuli, Bolnisi and Dmanisi districts, located inside Georgia but bordering Azerbaijan, react to the reorganisation of political space along national lines after the Soviet Union’s dissolution? ‘Beached’ in foreign states bent on nationalising their domains, minorities throughout Eurasia sometimes rejected and sometimes accepted their alien rulers. This essay examines reactions to this predicament among Georgia’s Azeris. Drawing on elite interviews and data from a matched-guise experiment, it concludes that locals have come to accept their host state after its state-building nationalism took an inclusive turn and the distinction between aliens and natives faded.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Keywords
Alien Rule, State-Building Nationalism, Ethnic Politics, Matched-Guise Experiment, Caucasus
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1931 (URN)10.1080/09668136.2019.1679091 (DOI)000496097300001 ()2-s2.0-85075007234 (Scopus ID)30362 (Local ID)30362 (Archive number)30362 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-02-06Bibliographically approved
Berglund, C. (2020). Sydkaukasien: frihet och säkerhet i stormakternas skugga?. Nordisk Østforum, 34, 133-138
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sydkaukasien: frihet och säkerhet i stormakternas skugga?
2020 (Swedish)In: Nordisk Østforum, Vol. 34, p. 133-138Article, review/survey (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Länderna i Sydkaukasien – Armenien, Azerbajdzjan och Georgien – går sedan länge en svår säkerhetspolitisk balansgång. Respektive land måste utöver sin komplicerade relation till varandra navigera mellan konkurrerande grannar som Ryssland och EU. Den förra ser på regionen som sitt »nära utland» och den senare ser på den som sitt »östliga partnerskap». Situationen väcker ett antal angelägna frågor. Kommer Ryssland att kunna behålla sin regionala hegemoni? Kan EU lära sig att hantera den geopolitiska tvekamp som unionen dragits in i? Och hur navigerar den politiska eliten i Sydkaukasien mellan sina grannar? Dessa frågor angrips inom ramen för detta temanummer som inkluderar originella bidrag från Jakob Hedenskog (FOI Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut), Michel Anderlini (Malmö universitet), Per Ekman (Uppsala universitet) och Li Bennich-Björkman (Uppsala universitet).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk, 2020
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-36840 (URN)10.23865/noros.v34.2539 (DOI)
Note

Lanseringsseminarium: https://youtu.be/KkLPYC-32tk

Available from: 2020-11-16 Created: 2020-11-16 Last updated: 2022-03-07Bibliographically approved
Berglund, C. & Souleimanov, E. A. (2020). What is (not) asymmetric conflict? From conceptual stretching to conceptual structuring (ed.). Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict, 13(1), 87-98
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What is (not) asymmetric conflict? From conceptual stretching to conceptual structuring
2020 (English)In: Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict, ISSN 1746-7586, E-ISSN 1746-7594, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 87-98Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the second half of the 1990s, the label “asymmetric” conflict rose to prominence among scholars and strategists, as a term for capturing the rising challenge that violent non-state actors posed to the liberal world order. However, the concept soon became a catch-phrase for a range of disparate phenomena, and other buzzwords arose to describe the threats of concern to decision-makers. Conceptual confusion beset the field. This article dissects the notion of asymmetric conflicts, and distinguishes between asymmetries involving differences in (1) status, (2) capabilities, or (3) strategies between belligerents. It argues that “asymmetric” conflicts can take numerous forms depending on the combination of differences present, and offers a blue-print for keeping track of the meaning of this concept in the hope of bringing greater precision to future debates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Keywords
Asymmetric conflict, Non-state actor, Insurgencies, Terrorism, Concept structure
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-2142 (URN)10.1080/17467586.2019.1680855 (DOI)2-s2.0-85074771128 (Scopus ID)30354 (Local ID)30354 (Archive number)30354 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-02-06Bibliographically approved
Dalsjö, R., Berglund, C. & Jonsson, M. (2019). Bursting the Bubble? Russian A2/AD in the Baltic Sea Region: Capabilities, Countermeasures, and Implications (ed.). : Swedish Defence Research Agency
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bursting the Bubble? Russian A2/AD in the Baltic Sea Region: Capabilities, Countermeasures, and Implications
2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Stater som har förmågan att använda en kombination av sensorer och långdistansrobotar för att hindra antagonister från att operera inom en exkluderingszon, eller "bubbla", i anslutning till sitt territorium sägs besitta avreglingsförmåga (eng. antiaccess/area denial, A2/AD). Denna studie analyserar Rysslands avreglingsförmåga och dess implikationer för Östersjöregionen. Rysslands förbättrade förmågor, samt dess påverkan på Natos möjligheter att förstärka och försvara de sårbara baltiska staterna i händelse av kris eller krig, har väckt mycket uppmärksamhet på senare år. Denna studie visar dock att denna förmåga inte är tillnärmelsevis lika oöverstiglig som den ibland framställs, i synnerhet när möjliga motåtgärder inkluderas i analysen. Särskilt markbaserade luftvärnssystem skapar i nuläget en mer begränsad exkluderingszon än vad som ofta antas och flera motåtgärder är möjliga. Erfarenheter från Syrien väcker också frågor om systemens faktiska förmåga i fält, jämfört med dess nominella förmågor. Sjömåls- och markmålsrobotar utgör ett större hot, men även här finns flera möjliga motåtgärder. Dynamiken i detta säkerhetskomplex påverkar även Sverige direkt och indirekt och är en av de huvudsakliga orsakerna till varför Sveriges säkerhet i ökande grad är sammanvävd med våra grannländers, och med den transatlantiska alliansen Nato.

Abstract [en]

States with the ability to use a combination of sensors and long-range missiles to prevent adversaries from operating in an exclusion zone, or "bubble", adjacent to their territory are said to possess anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) capabilities. This study examines Russia's A2/AD systems and their implications for the Baltic Sea region. Much has in recent years been made of Russia's new capabilities and the impact they might have on the ability of NATO member states to reinforce or defend the vulnerable Baltic states in case of crisis or war. On closer inspection, however, Russia's capabilities are not quite as daunting, especially if potential countermeasures are factored in. In particular, surface-to-air missile systems currently create much smaller A2/AD bubbles than is often assumed and a number of countermeasures are possible. Experiences from Syria also raise questions about the actual capabilities of such systems in combat, relative to their nominal capabilities. Anti-ship and anti-land systems pose a greater threat but, here too, countermeasures are available. The dynamics of this strategic vortex affect Sweden directly and indirectly. This is one of the reasons why Sweden's security is increasingly interlocked with that of its neighbours and of the transatlantic alliance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Swedish Defence Research Agency, 2019. p. 114
Series
FOI-R, ISSN 1650-1942
Keywords
A2/AD, The Baltic Sea Region, NATO, Russia, Air defense, Anti-ship missiles, Radar, Decoy targets, Iskander, S-400, Bastion
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-13241 (URN)30208 (Local ID)30208 (Archive number)30208 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-29 Created: 2020-02-29 Last updated: 2022-03-07Bibliographically approved
Projects
Conscription as Political Socialization in Divided Societies? Evidence from post-Soviet Estonia and post-independence Finland [S2-20-0011_OSS]; Södertörn University; Publications
Berglund, C., Kasearu, K. & Kivirähk, J. (2022). Fighting for the (Step)motherland? Predictors of Defense Willingness in Estonia’s Post-Soviet Generation. Journal of Political & Military Sociology, 49(2), 146-169
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9923-0775

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