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Sjöland, Marianne
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Alvén, F., Karlsson, K.-G. & Sjöland, M. (2022). Den vetenskapliga frågan och det moraliska svaret: Förintelsen i elevers kunskaps- och föreställningsvärldar. Scandia, 88(1), 67-92
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den vetenskapliga frågan och det moraliska svaret: Förintelsen i elevers kunskaps- och föreställningsvärldar
2022 (Swedish)In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 88, no 1, p. 67-92Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The scholarly question and the moral answer: The Holocaust in the knowledge and perception of students

All over the world, the Holocaust occupies a prominent position in historical culture, the area in which a society evaluates and communicates the history considered the most valuable and useful. Sweden is no exception. Since the 1990s, the Nazi genocide of the Jews has attracted an enormous amount of attention, first in the political and educational spheres, gradually also in Swedish cultural life and historical scholarship. In the Swedish school history curriculum, the Holocaust has been singled out as the only mandatory content. Based on this multifaceted interest in genocide, this article analyzes student responses to a question in the national examinations in history for the final year of Swedish compulsory school regarding the causes of the Holocaust. The answers are analyzed based on two different templates, one focusing on a traditional historical understanding of the Holocaust as linked to a specific historical setting, the other being a “civic” interpretation, viewing the genocide as a time-transcending phenomenon with a clear moral message for the present. This is a distinction with international resonance in historical culture related to Holocaust history. One result of the analysis is that one of four students is incapable of giving a satisfactory answer to the question. Another result is related to quality and grades. Many weaker answers are not primarily morally oriented. Rather, they focus on perpetrators - Hitler, the Nazis and Germans – often simplistically depicted as exchangeable and driven by the same genocidal intentions but in want of a historical context. The best answers are based on historical aspects, such as Germany’s defeat in the First World War, as well as on more complex, functionally oriented explanations, even if the figure of Hitler remains a key explanatory factor. The conclusion is that history and morals must be understood and made operative as two reciprocally linked dimensions. From a scholarly perspective, it is certainly necessary to do justice to the Holocaust in its own, contemporary right. However, it is just as imperative to realize that the Holocaust belongs to those “borderline” events that cannot be enclosed into themselves but must be made to transcend their temporal boundaries, as lessons of history. How this is to be done is an urgent scholarly and didactical task.

Abstract [sv]

Denna artikel behandlar hur förintelsen ska undervisas enligt den svenska skolans läroplan där den tillhör det central innehållet. Artikeln analyserar elevers responser på en fråga från det nationella provet i årskurs 9. Den diskuterar hur elever förstår förintelsen ur  två perspektiv: en traditionell historisk föreståelse alternativt ett samtida moraliskt uppdrag

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stiftelsen Scandia, 2022
Holocaust, historical culture, national examinations, moral guide, historical understanding, dual perspective
National Category
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-51744 (URN)10.47868/scandia.v88i1.24207 (DOI)000806991400004 ()
Available from: 2022-05-30 Created: 2022-05-30 Last updated: 2023-04-13Bibliographically approved
Danielsson Malmros, I. & Sjöland, M. (2022). Women, gender, and the fight for gender equality in Europe (1ed.). In: Cosme Jesús Gómez Carrasco (Ed.), Re-imagining the Teaching of European History: Promoting Civic Education and Historical Consciousness (pp. 193-205). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women, gender, and the fight for gender equality in Europe
2022 (English)In: Re-imagining the Teaching of European History: Promoting Civic Education and Historical Consciousness / [ed] Cosme Jesús Gómez Carrasco, Routledge , 2022, 1, p. 193-205Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter proposes the theme of the history of travel and travelers for a comprehensive approach to teaching and learning history for active citizenship education. In particular, we analyze briefly on the historical ways: itineraries, routes, and cultures. From the routes of faith to the itineraries and routes of trade to the routes of conflict (European explorations and conquests in the Americas, from the crusades to the world wars) and their participants; your travel and trade. Over the millennia, the sea has been the main vector of trade and the Mediterranean ports have been crucial places for the economy. Networks of exchanges from foodstuffs to metals, from timber to grain, spices and textiles, men, women, slaves, yesterday as still today; the journeys and mirages of forced nomads. These are contents that through an active methodology can offer a critical approach to the phenomenon of travel considered decisive for the elaboration of European societies and make students acquire a vision of the complex relationships existing between different cultures through an approach by outcomes of history. Knowing the fundamental moments and processes of the European history of time travel with glances at world history starting also from personal and local history and expounding historical knowledge by making connections and arguing one’s own reflections, we believe can develop education for democratic citizenship through critical and responsible behavior inspired by the values of freedom and solidarity at all levels of organized life (local, national, European, and world).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2022 Edition: 1
National Category
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-59433 (URN)10.4324/9781003289470-17 (DOI)9781032294278 (ISBN)9781032294261 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-05-07 Created: 2023-05-07 Last updated: 2024-06-11Bibliographically approved
HistoryLab for European Civic Engagement: open e-Toolkit to train History Teachers on Digital Teaching and Learning

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