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Sarkheyli-Hägele, ArezooORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6925-0444
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Shokrollahi, A., Persson, J. A., Malekian, R., Sarkheyli-Hägele, A. & Karlsson, F. (2024). Passive Infrared Sensor-Based Occupancy Monitoring in Smart Buildings: A Review of Methodologies and Machine Learning Approaches. Sensors, 24(5), Article ID 1533.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Passive Infrared Sensor-Based Occupancy Monitoring in Smart Buildings: A Review of Methodologies and Machine Learning Approaches
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2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Sensors, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 24, nr 5, artikel-id 1533Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Buildings are rapidly becoming more digitized, largely due to developments in the internet of things (IoT). This provides both opportunities and challenges. One of the central challenges in the process of digitizing buildings is the ability to monitor these buildings' status effectively. This monitoring is essential for services that rely on information about the presence and activities of individuals within different areas of these buildings. Occupancy information (including people counting, occupancy detection, location tracking, and activity detection) plays a vital role in the management of smart buildings. In this article, we primarily focus on the use of passive infrared (PIR) sensors for gathering occupancy information. PIR sensors are among the most widely used sensors for this purpose due to their consideration of privacy concerns, cost-effectiveness, and low processing complexity compared to other sensors. Despite numerous literature reviews in the field of occupancy information, there is currently no literature review dedicated to occupancy information derived specifically from PIR sensors. Therefore, this review analyzes articles that specifically explore the application of PIR sensors for obtaining occupancy information. It provides a comprehensive literature review of PIR sensor technology from 2015 to 2023, focusing on applications in people counting, activity detection, and localization (tracking and location). It consolidates findings from articles that have explored and enhanced the capabilities of PIR sensors in these interconnected domains. This review thoroughly examines the application of various techniques, machine learning algorithms, and configurations for PIR sensors in indoor building environments, emphasizing not only the data processing aspects but also their advantages, limitations, and efficacy in producing accurate occupancy information. These developments are crucial for improving building management systems in terms of energy efficiency, security, and user comfort, among other operational aspects. The article seeks to offer a thorough analysis of the present state and potential future advancements of PIR sensor technology in efficiently monitoring and understanding occupancy information by classifying and analyzing improvements in these domains.

Nyckelord
passive infrared sensors (PIR), smart buildings, IoT (internet of things), occupancy information, people counting, activity detection, machine learning
Nationell ämneskategori
Elektroteknik och elektronik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-66548 (URN)10.3390/s24051533 (DOI)001183072000001 ()38475069 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85187481668 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2024-03-28 Skapad: 2024-03-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Persson, J. A., Bugeja, J., Davidsson, P., Holmberg, J., Kebande, V. R., Mihailescu, R.-C., . . . Tegen, A. (2023). The Concept of Interactive Dynamic Intelligent Virtual Sensors (IDIVS): Bridging the Gap between Sensors, Services, and Users through Machine Learning. Applied Sciences, 13(11), Article ID 6516.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Concept of Interactive Dynamic Intelligent Virtual Sensors (IDIVS): Bridging the Gap between Sensors, Services, and Users through Machine Learning
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Applied Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-3417, Vol. 13, nr 11, artikel-id 6516Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper concerns the novel concept of an Interactive Dynamic Intelligent Virtual Sensor (IDIVS), which extends virtual/soft sensors towards making use of user input through interactive learning (IML) and transfer learning. In research, many studies can be found on using machine learning in this domain, but not much on using IML. This paper contributes by highlighting how this can be done and the associated positive potential effects and challenges. An IDIVS provides a sensor-like output and achieves the output through the data fusion of sensor values or from the output values of other IDIVSs. We focus on settings where people are present in different roles: from basic service users in the environment being sensed to interactive service users supporting the learning of the IDIVS, as well as configurators of the IDIVS and explicit IDIVS teachers. The IDIVS aims at managing situations where sensors may disappear and reappear and be of heterogeneous types. We refer to and recap the major findings from related experiments and validation in complementing work. Further, we point at several application areas: smart building, smart mobility, smart learning, and smart health. The information properties and capabilities needed in the IDIVS, with extensions towards information security, are introduced and discussed.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
MDPI, 2023
Nationell ämneskategori
Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-60144 (URN)10.3390/app13116516 (DOI)001004726600001 ()2-s2.0-85163091186 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-06-07 Skapad: 2023-06-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Zhang, X.-Y., Zhou, K.-Q., Li, P.-C., Xiang, Y.-H., Zain, A. M. & Sarkheyli-Hägele, A. (2022). An Improved Chaos Sparrow Search Optimization Algorithm Using Adaptive Weight Modification and Hybrid Strategies. IEEE Access, 10, 96159-96179
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>An Improved Chaos Sparrow Search Optimization Algorithm Using Adaptive Weight Modification and Hybrid Strategies
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2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: IEEE Access, E-ISSN 2169-3536, Vol. 10, s. 96159-96179Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Sparrow Search Algorithm (SSA) is a kind of novel swarm intelligence algorithm, which has been applied in-to various domains because of its unique characteristics, such as strong global search capability, few adjustable parameters, and a clear structure. However, the SSA still has some inherent weaknesses that hinder its further development, such as poor population diversity, weak local searchability, and falling into local optima easily. This manuscript proposes an improved chaos sparrow search optimization algorithm (ICSSOA) to overcome the mentioned shortcomings of the standard SSA. Firstly, the Cubic chaos mapping is introduced to increase the population diversity in the initialization stage. Then, an adaptive weight is employed to automatically adjust the search step for balancing the global search performance and the local search capability in different phases. Finally, a hybrid strategy of Levy flight and reverse learning is presented to perturb the position of individuals in the population according to the random strategy, and a greedy strategy is utilized to select individuals with higher fitness values to decrease the possibility of falling into the local optimum. The experiments are divided into two modules. The former investigates the performance of the proposed approach through 20 benchmark functions optimization using the ICSSOA, standard SSA, and other four SSA variants. In the latter experiment, the selected 20 functions are also optimized by the ICSSOA and other classic swarm intelligence algorithms, namely ACO, PSO, GWO, and WOA. Experimental results and corresponding statistical analysis revealed that only one function optimization test using the ICSSOA was slightly lower than the CSSOA and the WOA among the 20-function optimization. In most cases, the values for both accuracy and convergence speed are higher than other algorithms. The results also indicate that the ICSSOA has an outstanding ability to jump out of the local optimum.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2022
Nyckelord
Statistics, Sociology, Optimization, Chaos, Standards, Search problems, Convergence, Adaptive weighting modification, cubic chaos mapping, levy flight, reverse learning, sparrow search algorithm
Nationell ämneskategori
Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-55407 (URN)10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3204798 (DOI)000857703700001 ()2-s2.0-85137937933 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-10-17 Skapad: 2022-10-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Jiang, W., Zhou, K.-Q., Sarkheyli-Hägele, A. & Zain, A. M. (2022). Modeling, reasoning, and application of fuzzy Petri net model: a survey. Artificial Intelligence Review, 55, 6567-6605
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Modeling, reasoning, and application of fuzzy Petri net model: a survey
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Artificial Intelligence Review, ISSN 0269-2821, E-ISSN 1573-7462, Vol. 55, s. 6567-6605Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A fuzzy Petri net (FPN) is a powerful tool to model and analyze knowledge-based systems containing vague information. This paper systematically reviews recent developments of the FPN model from the following three perspectives: knowledge representation using FPN, reasoning mechanisms using an FPN framework, and the latest industrial applications using FPN. In addition, some specific modeling and reasoning approaches to FPN to solve the 'state-explosion problem' are illustrated. Furthermore, detailed analysis of the discussed aspects are shown to reveal some interesting findings, as well as their developmental history. Finally, we present conclusions and suggestions for future research directions.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2022
Nyckelord
Fuzzy Petri net, Knowledge representation, Modeling, Reasoning, Industrial application
Nationell ämneskategori
Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-50915 (URN)10.1007/s10462-022-10161-0 (DOI)000767725000001 ()2-s2.0-85126103876 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-04-04 Skapad: 2022-04-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Kadish, D., Sarkheyli-Hägele, A., Font, J., Hägele, G., Niehorster, D. C. & Pederson, T. (2022). Towards Situation Awareness and Attention Guidance in a Multiplayer Environment using Augmented Reality and Carcassonne. In: CHI PLAY '22: Extended Abstracts of the 2022 Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play: . Paper presented at CHI PLAY '22: The Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play, Bremen Germany, November 2 - 5, 2022. ACM Digital Library
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Towards Situation Awareness and Attention Guidance in a Multiplayer Environment using Augmented Reality and Carcassonne
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2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: CHI PLAY '22: Extended Abstracts of the 2022 Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play, ACM Digital Library, 2022, s. -9Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Augmented reality (AR) games are a rich environment for researching and testing computational systems that provide subtle user guidance and training. In particular computer systems that aim to augment a user’s situation awareness benefit from the range of sensors and computing power available in AR headsets. The main focus of this work-in-progress paper is the introduction of the concept of the individualized Situation Awareness-based Attention Guidance (SAAG) system used to increase humans’ situating awareness and the augmented reality version of the board game Carcassonne for validation and evaluation of SAAG. Furthermore, we present our initial work in developing the SAAG pipeline, the generation of game state encodings, the development and training of a game AI, and the design of situation modeling and eye-tracking processes.  

 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
ACM Digital Library, 2022
Nationell ämneskategori
Människa-datorinteraktion (interaktionsdesign)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-56501 (URN)10.1145/3505270.3558322 (DOI)2-s2.0-85143123116 (Scopus ID)978-1-4503-9211-2 (ISBN)
Konferens
CHI PLAY '22: The Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play, Bremen Germany, November 2 - 5, 2022
Tillgänglig från: 2022-12-07 Skapad: 2022-12-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Hägele, G. & Sarkheyli-Hägele, A. (2020). Situational Hazard Recognition and Risk Assessment Within Safety-Driven Behavior Management in the Context of Automated Driving. In: Rogova, G McGeorge, N Ruvinsky, A Fouse, S Freiman, M (Ed.), Proceedings 2020 IEEE International Conference on Cognitive andComputational Aspects of Situation Management (CogSIMA), Virtual Conference24-28 August 2020: . Paper presented at IEEE International Multi-Disciplinary Conference on Cognitive Methods in Situation Awareness and Decision Support (CogSIMA) (pp. 188-194). IEEE
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Situational Hazard Recognition and Risk Assessment Within Safety-Driven Behavior Management in the Context of Automated Driving
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings 2020 IEEE International Conference on Cognitive andComputational Aspects of Situation Management (CogSIMA), Virtual Conference24-28 August 2020 / [ed] Rogova, G McGeorge, N Ruvinsky, A Fouse, S Freiman, M, IEEE , 2020, s. 188-194Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses the problem of hazard recognition and risk assessment in open and non-predictive environments to support decision making and action selection. Decision making and action selection incorporate decreasing situational risks and maintain safety as operational constraints. Commonly, neither existing application-related safety standards nor the situation modeling or knowledge representation is considered in that context. This contribution introduces a novel approach denoted as a Safety-Driven Behavior Management focusing on situation modeling and the problem of knowledge representation in its sub-functions in the context of situational risks. It combines the safety standards-oriented hazard analysis and the risk assessment approach with the machine learning-based situation recognition. An example illustrating the approach is presented in this paper.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
IEEE, 2020
Serie
IEEE Conference on Cognitive and Computational Aspects of Situation Management, ISSN 2379-1667
Nyckelord
Situation model, safety critical systems, situational risk assessment
Nationell ämneskategori
Datorsystem
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-42111 (URN)10.1109/CogSIMA49017.2020.9216183 (DOI)000628978500028 ()2-s2.0-85094824832 (Scopus ID)978-1-7281-6001-6 (ISBN)
Konferens
IEEE International Multi-Disciplinary Conference on Cognitive Methods in Situation Awareness and Decision Support (CogSIMA)
Tillgänglig från: 2021-05-05 Skapad: 2021-05-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Hägele, G. & Sarkheyli-Hägele, A. (2020). Situational risk assessment within safety-driven behavior management in the context of UAS. In: 2020 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (ICUAS): . Paper presented at 2020 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (ICUAS), 1-4 Sept. 2020, Athens, Greece, Greece (pp. 1407-1415). IEEE
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Situational risk assessment within safety-driven behavior management in the context of UAS
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2020 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (ICUAS), IEEE, 2020, s. 1407-1415Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses the problem of hazard recognition and risk assessment in open and non-predictive environments to support decision making and action selection for UAS. Decision making and action selection incorporate decreasing situational risks and maintain safety as operational constraints. Commonly, neither existing safety standards nor the situation modeling or knowledge representation is considered in that context. This contribution applies a novel approach denoted as a Safety-Driven Behavior Management for UAS focusing on situation modeling, and the problem of knowledge representation in the context of situational risks. It combines the safety standards-oriented hazards analysis and the risk assessment approach with the machine learning-based situation recognition. The illustrative scenario and first experimental results underline the feasibility of the novel approach.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
IEEE, 2020
Serie
Conference proceedings (International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems), ISSN 2373-6720, E-ISSN 2575-7296
Nyckelord
aerospace computing, aerospace safety, autonomous aerial vehicles, decision making, emergency services, health hazards, knowledge representation, learning (artificial intelligence), public administration, risk management, situational risk assessment, safety-driven behavior management, UAS, hazard recognition, action selection, safety standards, situation modeling, situation recognition, machine learning, oriented hazards analysis, Hazards, Task analysis, Planning, Standards
Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-40294 (URN)10.1109/ICUAS48674.2020.9214072 (DOI)000612041300181 ()2-s2.0-85094969654 (Scopus ID)978-1-7281-4278-4 (ISBN)978-1-7281-4279-1 (ISBN)
Konferens
2020 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (ICUAS), 1-4 Sept. 2020, Athens, Greece, Greece
Tillgänglig från: 2021-02-01 Skapad: 2021-02-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Sarkheyli, A., Song, W. W. & Sarkheyli-Hägele, A. (2018). Development of Dynamic Intelligent Risk Management Approach (ed.). In: (Ed.), 2018 3rd International Conference On Computational Intelligence and applications (Iccia): . Paper presented at 3rd International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Applications (ICCIA), Hong Kong, Hong Kong (28-30 July 2018) (pp. 128-132). IEEE
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Development of Dynamic Intelligent Risk Management Approach
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2018 3rd International Conference On Computational Intelligence and applications (Iccia), IEEE, 2018, s. 128-132Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

A dynamic Risk Management (RM) provides monitoring, recognition, assessment, and follow-up action to reduce the risk whenever it rises. The main problem with dynamic RM (when applied to plan for, how the unknown risk in unexpected conditions should be addressed in information systems) is to design an especial control to recover/avoid of risks/attacks that is proposed in this research. The methodology, called Dynamic Intelligent RM (DIRM) is comprised of four phases which are interactively linked; (1) Aggregation of data and information (2) Risk identification (3) RM using an optional control and (4) RM using an especial control. This study, therefore, investigated the use of artificial neural networks to improve risk identification via adaptive neural fuzzy interface systems and control specification using learning vector quantization. Further experimental investigations are needed to estimate the results of DIRM toward unexpected conditions in the real environment.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
IEEE, 2018
Nyckelord
Risk Management, Dynamic Risk Management, Artificial Neural Networks
Nationell ämneskategori
Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-12736 (URN)10.1109/ICCIA.2018.00031 (DOI)000470235800024 ()2-s2.0-85066311649 (Scopus ID)29544 (Lokalt ID)978-1-5386-9571-5 (ISBN)29544 (Arkivnummer)29544 (OAI)
Konferens
3rd International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Applications (ICCIA), Hong Kong, Hong Kong (28-30 July 2018)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-29 Skapad: 2020-02-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Projekt
Dynamic Intelligent Sensor Intensive Systems; Malmö universitet; Publikationer
Persson, J. A., Bugeja, J., Davidsson, P., Holmberg, J., Kebande, V. R., Mihailescu, R.-C., . . . Tegen, A. (2023). The Concept of Interactive Dynamic Intelligent Virtual Sensors (IDIVS): Bridging the Gap between Sensors, Services, and Users through Machine Learning. Applied Sciences, 13(11), Article ID 6516.
AVANS projekt: "Internet of Things Master's Program"; Malmö universitetSituationsbaserad uppmärksamhetsstyrning; Malmö universitet, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP)
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6925-0444

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