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Biografi [eng]

Martin Berg is Professor of Media Technology and Associate Professor of Sociology. His research interests include digital sociology as well as critical studies of algorithms and automation processes.

Biografi [swe]

Martin Berg är professor i medieteknik och docent i sociologi vid Malmö universitet. Hans forskning kretsar kring digital sociologi, med särskilt fokus på kritiska studier av algoritmer och automatiseringsprocesser.

Publikationer (10 of 34) Visa alla publikationer
Berg, M. (2023). Digital teknografi: Att studera hur framväxande digitala teknologier försöker lära känna oss. In: Martin Berg; Maria Engberg; Sara Leckner (Ed.), Tekniska mediestudier: En introduktion till metoder och teknologier (pp. 55-80). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Digital teknografi: Att studera hur framväxande digitala teknologier försöker lära känna oss
2023 (Svenska)Ingår i: Tekniska mediestudier: En introduktion till metoder och teknologier / [ed] Martin Berg; Maria Engberg; Sara Leckner, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023, s. 55-80Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [sv]

Vi anpassar oss ständigt till de medieteknologier vi lever våra liv med, men hur kan vi få kunskap om hur de får oss människor att agera på olika sätt? I det här kapitlet får du bekanta dig med digital teknografi, en metod för att studera och analysera framväxande digitala teknologier som sätter teknologierna och deras förväntningar i centrum. Kapitlet utgår från självövervakningsteknologier, företrädesvis ”smarta” smycken, men fungerar lika bra för tjänster som TikTok och Instagram. Du får veta mer om nyckelbegrepp för att analysera marknadsföringsmaterial av framväxande digitala teknologier. Genom detta lär du dig hur till synes oskyldiga mobilappar kan bli föremål för vetenskapliga studier, kritik och teoretiserande.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023
Nationell ämneskategori
Medieteknik Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-61674 (URN)978-91-44-15523-4 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-07-05 Skapad: 2023-07-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-11-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M. (2023). Frozen Margaritas, Free Nibbles and the Future of Work: A Small Ethnography of Digital Professionals at SXSW. In: : . Paper presented at 4S, 2023, Honolulu. Panel: Shaping Sustainable Socio-Technical Work Futures: Cultures, Practices and Imaginaries of Digital Professionals.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Frozen Margaritas, Free Nibbles and the Future of Work: A Small Ethnography of Digital Professionals at SXSW
2023 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Enbart muntlig presentation (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Despite the growing interest in how digital technologies affect work life, there is still a need for in-depth research and policy work that scrutinize where, by whom, and how the anticipated work futures are shaped and appropriated. Who sets the agenda for the future of work, and how are these images about the future of work with digital technologies created and negotiated? More importantly, where does this occur? There are key moments at a handful of globally influential 'first places' where the ideas and inventions for the digital future of work are shown and explored. These nascent ideas quickly set expectations as industries, communities, organizations, and individuals adopt and further disseminate what they have learned at those pivotal sites. This paper reports from an ethnographic pilot study of a global conference that has grown into an unmissable taste-making event that sets trends and shapes the future of work through and with digital technologies: South By SouthWest (SXSW) in Austin, TX, USA. Drawing on observations and interviews with ten participants representing the digital and creative industries in Sweden, this paper shows how digital work futures are constituted through anticipatory and appropriation practices, and how a sense of belonging - based mainly on pleasures - runs through the processes and practices by which technologies, experiences, and anticipations become entangled in everyday professional environments.

Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi) Medieteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-64912 (URN)
Konferens
4S, 2023, Honolulu. Panel: Shaping Sustainable Socio-Technical Work Futures: Cultures, Practices and Imaginaries of Digital Professionals
Tillgänglig från: 2024-01-10 Skapad: 2024-01-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M., Engberg, M. & Leckner, S. (Eds.). (2023). Tekniska mediestudier: En introduktion till metoder och teknologier (1ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Tekniska mediestudier: En introduktion till metoder och teknologier
2023 (Svenska)Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [sv]

I en tid då medielandskapet är i ständig förändring och traditionell medieforskning konstant utmanas ökar behovet av att förena teknik, humaniora och samhällsvetenskap. Medie- och teknikforskning kräver innovativa angreppssätt för att navigera bland komplexa relationer mellan kultur, samhälle, ekonomi och teknologi.

I den här boken bjuder ledande forskare in till samtal om teknologins utmaningar och möjligheter. Här presenteras redskap för att utforska, beskriva, begreppsliggöra och förstå nya relationer mellan medieteknologier och deras omvärld – en kunskap som förbereder läsaren att på egen hand kombinera samhällsvetenskapernas kritiska analyser med teknikvetenskapernas tradition att utveckla tillförlitliga och effektiva system.

Tekniska mediestudier riktar sig till studenter inom ämnen som medieteknik, medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap, kulturvetenskap, data- och systemvetenskap, interaktionsdesign och informatik.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023. s. 325 Upplaga: 1
Nationell ämneskategori
Medieteknik Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-61672 (URN)978-91-44-15523-4 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-07-05 Skapad: 2023-07-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-11-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M., Ruckenstein, M., Kaun, A., Larsson, S. & Lomborg, S. (2022). Automated Welfare Futures: Interrogating Automated Decision-Making in the Nordics. In: : . Paper presented at 30th Nordic Sociological Association Conference University of Iceland, Reykjavik, 10 – 12 August 2022..
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Automated Welfare Futures: Interrogating Automated Decision-Making in the Nordics
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2022 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

How can we, as social scientists, make sense of the promises and implications of automated and data-driven systems that are becoming increasingly ubiquitous and essential for the Nordic welfare states? What are the theoretical and methodological tensions and possibilities that these systems pose to research when they assemble and disassemble existing structures, organisational logics and dependencies?

Over the last few years, critical social science research has established that data harvesting and digital tracking, in particular, pose a general societal challenge that risks undermining Nordic values of autonomy and equity and the overall welfare of people. At the same time, the welfare state and welfare provision are increasingly characterised by processes of datafication, promoting uses of data analytics and automated decision-making (ADM). Researchers have flagged datafication as a specific concern for the public sector in relation to questions of ADM systems, and other forms of data-driven optimization. Despite the burgeoning literature on various concerns and the ethical guidelines and regulatory initiatives that try to respond to them, however, we have engaged so far with a limited range of theoretical and methodological approaches to explore the social dynamics at play in concrete contexts of ADM.

This roundtable brings together key scholars that engage critically with the social aims and implications of datafication to address how ADM is imagined, practised and experienced in different empirical contexts and across various organisational levels in the Nordics. The roundtable will open with short ’provocations’ through which the speakers present and contextualise concepts they have used or would like to promote in the study of emerging automated and data-driven systems. The provocations are followed by a joint discussion about how these concepts can support sociological research that studies the promises and implications of automated and data-driven systems as part of the myths and realities of the Nordic welfare states, now and in the future.

Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap Medieteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-54374 (URN)
Konferens
30th Nordic Sociological Association Conference University of Iceland, Reykjavik, 10 – 12 August 2022.
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 2020-00977Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, F19-1053:1
Tillgänglig från: 2022-08-11 Skapad: 2022-08-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-02Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M. (2022). Automation as an empty signifier: Interrogating automated work futures and their non-technologies. In: : . Paper presented at Reframing ADM: Concepts, Values, Alternatives, 29 Aug. - 30 Aug. 2022, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Automation as an empty signifier: Interrogating automated work futures and their non-technologies
2022 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the role of anticipated futures of automation in public administration. Engaging with ethnographic research with stakeholders from roughly ten municipalities in Sweden, this paper examines the tension between different ways of imagining automated work futures and the extent to which they are associated with (or not) technologies. Automating data-driven processes is believed to alleviate administrative drudgery and support a goal-driven, efficient public sector. Various stakeholders participate in the implementation of automation systems, including corporate actors, managers, politicians, and civil servants. This group of stakeholders has diverse perspectives and expectations regarding the future of work automation and its role in the organisation of public services. Some see automated work processes as a way to boost efficiency, productivity, and precision through algorithmic data processing; others, however, see them as ways to allow professionals to spend less time on repetitive, rule-based, and seemingly tedious tasks, so that they can focus on their core professional practice. Challenging established narratives about work automation, this paper suggests how automation can be used to visualise, think about, and communicate organisational change without involving any technology per se, but rather as an empty signifier to which future-making practices can be affixed and legitimised. By emphasising social expectations and experiences, the paper interrogates emerging automated work futures in ways that move beyond techno-optimism and economic-political goals of efficiency and optimisation, not the least by showing that automation is situated, social and contingent.

Nationell ämneskategori
Medieteknik Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-55884 (URN)
Konferens
Reframing ADM: Concepts, Values, Alternatives, 29 Aug. - 30 Aug. 2022, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 2020-00977
Tillgänglig från: 2022-11-10 Skapad: 2022-11-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-11-17Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M. (2022). Deltagande netnografi (3ed.). In: Göran Ahrne & Peter Svensson (Ed.), Handbok i kvalitativa metoder: . Stockholm: Liber
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Deltagande netnografi
2022 (Svenska)Ingår i: Handbok i kvalitativa metoder / [ed] Göran Ahrne & Peter Svensson, Stockholm: Liber, 2022, 3Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Liber, 2022 Upplaga: 3
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-59380 (URN)9789147140077 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-04-27 Skapad: 2023-04-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-04-28Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M. (2022). Digital Technography: a Methodology for Interrogating Emerging Digital Technologies and Their Futures. Qualitative Inquiry, 28(7), 827-836
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Digital Technography: a Methodology for Interrogating Emerging Digital Technologies and Their Futures
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Qualitative Inquiry, ISSN 1077-8004, E-ISSN 1552-7565, Vol. 28, nr 7, s. 827-836Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This article introduces “digital technography” as a methodology to interrogate and voice emerging digital technologies and their anticipated futures. I demonstrate, with reference to recent research on wearable self-tracking devices, digital food technologies, and platforms for work automation, how one can gain an understanding of these technologies by attending to the materials in which they are promoted; and actively engaging with them imaginatively and self-reflexively as a social scientist. This article outlines a digital technographic methodology centered around the three conceptual anchors of specification, valorization, and anticipation, all of which pertain to how a digital technology aims and perhaps even aspires to become a part of everyday life. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sage Publications, 2022
Nyckelord
digital technography, ethnography, emerging technologies, digital ethnography, digital platforms, digital social research
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi) Medieteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-51639 (URN)10.1177/10778004221096851 (DOI)000800533200001 ()2-s2.0-85130996697 (Scopus ID)
Projekt
Att arbeta med algoritmiska kollegor: Förväntningar och erfarenheter av automatiserat beslutsfattande
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 2020–00977
Tillgänglig från: 2022-05-25 Skapad: 2022-05-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Pink, S., Berg, M., Lupton, D. & Ruckenstein, M. (Eds.). (2022). Everyday Automation: Experiencing and Anticipating Emerging Technologies (1ed.). London & New York: Routledge
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Everyday Automation: Experiencing and Anticipating Emerging Technologies
2022 (Engelska)Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This Open Access book brings the experiences of automation as part of quotidian life into focus. It asks how, where and when automated technologies and systems are emerging in everyday life across different global regions? What are their likely impacts in the present and future? How do engineers, policy makers, industry stakeholders and designers envisage artificial intelligence (AI) and automated decision-making (ADM) as a solution to individual and societal problems? How do these future visions compare with the everyday realities, power relations and social inequalities in which AI and ADM are experienced? What do people know about automation and what are their experiences of engaging with ‘actually existing’ AI and ADM technologies? An international team of leading scholars bring together research developed across anthropology, sociology, media and communication studies, and ethnology, which shows how by re-humanising automation, we can gain deeper understandings of its societal impacts.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
London & New York: Routledge, 2022. s. 250 Upplaga: 1
Nationell ämneskategori
Medieteknik Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-50328 (URN)10.4324/9781003170884 (DOI)9780367773380 (ISBN)9781003170884 (ISBN)9780367773403 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 2020-00977
Tillgänglig från: 2022-02-21 Skapad: 2022-02-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-11-30Bibliografiskt granskad
Pink, S., Ruckenstein, M., Berg, M. & Lupton, D. (2022). Everyday Automation: Setting a research agenda (1ed.). In: Sarah Pink, Martin Berg, Deborah Lupton, Minna Ruckenstein (Ed.), Everyday Automation: Experiencing and Anticipating Emerging Technologies (pp. 1-19). London & New York: Routledge
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Everyday Automation: Setting a research agenda
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Everyday Automation: Experiencing and Anticipating Emerging Technologies / [ed] Sarah Pink, Martin Berg, Deborah Lupton, Minna Ruckenstein, London & New York: Routledge, 2022, 1, s. 1-19Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This chapter discusses the Sarah Pink discusses how ethics and trust in AI and ADM have become bound up in industry and government frameworks which treat them as commodities which can be extracted from faceless publics and invested in machines. The second reason that automated technologies receive high levels of publicity or promotion is when they have saved, or are predicted to save, lives: for instance, through accident prevention, medical and pharmaceutical interventions or in humanitarian domains. In contrast, experiences and processes of automation as part of quotidian routines in our everyday lives in our homes, transport, at work and in education have slipped under the radar of much popular and academic attention. The messiness of the ADM and AI fields might be seen as a problem, and one way forward involves engaging in a cross-disciplinary mapping of ADM and AI definitions to produce taxonomies and classifications for a shared vocabulary.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
London & New York: Routledge, 2022 Upplaga: 1
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi) Medieteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-50329 (URN)10.4324/9781003170884-1 (DOI)2-s2.0-85131010358 (Scopus ID)9780367773380 (ISBN)9781003170884 (ISBN)9780367773403 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 2020-00977
Tillgänglig från: 2022-02-21 Skapad: 2022-02-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Berg, M. (2022). Om digitala forskningsmetoder: entusiastiska betraktelser från utkanten [Review]. Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum (2022-02-17)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Om digitala forskningsmetoder: entusiastiska betraktelser från utkanten
2022 (Svenska)Ingår i: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, nr 2022-02-17Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Malmö universitet, 2022
Nationell ämneskategori
Medieteknik Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-50296 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-02-17 Skapad: 2022-02-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-02-18Bibliografiskt granskad
Projekt
Känna, forma, dela: att mäta och föreställa kroppen i en medialiserad värld. [P14-0367:1_RJ]; Högskolan i HalmstadSelf-tracking and automatised bodies; Malmö universitetSjälvkörande bilar: förändringar, förväntningar och upplevelse
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7628-5829

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