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Emilsson, Henrik
Publikasjoner (10 av 39) Visa alla publikasjoner
Elwert, A., Emilsson, H. & Irastorza, N. (2023). From state-controlled to free migration: The income effects of the 2008 Swedish labour-migration reform. Migration Studies, 11(4), 721-745
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>From state-controlled to free migration: The income effects of the 2008 Swedish labour-migration reform
2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: Migration Studies, ISSN 2049-5838, E-ISSN 2049-5846, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 721-745Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In 2008, Sweden changed its labour-migration policy to facilitate more labour migration from countries outside the EU. Most state ambitions to shape labour migration, including practices such as the use of labour-market tests and the assessment of migrants' human capital, were abandoned and the responsibility to select migrants was transferred to employers. We use Swedish register data and adopt a difference-in-differences approach to assess the effects of the policy change on labour migrants' labour income, in comparison to non-EU migrants who moved to Sweden for reasons other than work. The effects of the policy change are substantial. Labour migration from outside the EU increased and its composition changed after the reform, resulting in a significant decrease in mean income. We conclude that changes in their occupational composition were the main drivers of the income drop for labour migrants. In sum, the new non-selective labour-migration policy lowered labour migrants' mean income by opening the door to unskilled labour.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Oxford University Press, 2023
Emneord
migrant composition, migration policy, natural experiment, occupational groups, selective migration, Sweden
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-63454 (URN)10.1093/migration/mnad030 (DOI)001087220500001 ()2-s2.0-85180120895 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-11-06 Laget: 2023-11-06 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-04bibliografisk kontrollert
Dahlstedt, I. & Emilsson, H. (2023). Growing apart: Increasing labour market segmentation of EU-13 workers in Sweden. Malmö universitet
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Growing apart: Increasing labour market segmentation of EU-13 workers in Sweden
2023 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This article investigates labour market segmentation of EU-13 workers in Sweden. Labour market segmentation is a driver of income differences between natives, EU-15 migrants and EU-13 migrants in many EU member states. There are, however, indications that labour market inequalities as a result of segmentation among EU-13 migrants is less pronounced in Sweden. Previous research, both quantitative and qualitative, has shown surprisingly low levels of labour market segmentation among the employed. The structural differences on the labour market has, instead, been between the employed and unemployed, with a large employment gap between natives and all migrant groups including EU-13 migrants. We address the functional integration in the labour market from a longitudinal perspective, using several quantitative indicators to measure the degree of labour market segmentation. Natives and other migrant groups (EU-15 and refugees) are used as reference groups. Our results shows a low but increasing labour market segmentation among the employed born in EU-13 countries. The dissimilarity between employed natives and EU-13 workers is increasing, especially among men. Men from EU-13 countries is the only category where the occupational position has deteriorated. From having a similar occupational position as EU-15 migrants in 2007, their position in the labour market in 2015 is more similar to the refugee group. This development is driven by a large increase of Polish construction workers on the Swedishlabour market.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Malmö universitet, 2023. s. 21
Serie
MIM Working Paper Series ; 23:3
Emneord
Labour market segmentation, Labour market segregation, Labour market integration, EU Migrants
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-63086 (URN)10.24834/isbn.9789178774395 (DOI)978-91-7877-439-5 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-10-11 Laget: 2023-10-11 Sist oppdatert: 2023-11-30bibliografisk kontrollert
Emilsson, H. & Öberg, K. (2022). Housing for Refugees in Sweden: Top-Down Governance and its Local Reactions. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 23, 613-631
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Housing for Refugees in Sweden: Top-Down Governance and its Local Reactions
2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of International Migration and Integration, ISSN 1488-3473, E-ISSN 1874-6365, Vol. 23, s. 613-631Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we investigate local level reactions to the top-down state steering for the housing of refugees in Sweden. We especially reflect on events after the increased refugee reception in Sweden in 2015 and the introduction of a Settlement Act in 2016 which made it mandatory for municipalities to receive a specific number of refugees and organise accommodation. This has resulted in a wide array of housing situations for refugees concerning standard, costs and temporary solutions. A multi-level governance framework from on central government steering perspective is applied. We argue that the modified legislation can be understood as a change in governance throughout the years - from persuasion to economic incentives and, finally, to coercive methods. Sweden is a country that has distinguished itself as one refraining from particularity and continuing to work towards equality between newcomers and citizens. In relation to recent legal and political developments, we identify a change - a paradoxical change, as governance for the more-equal reception of refugees in Sweden seems to lead to increased inequalities for refugees on the local level.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2022
Emneord
Housing, Refugees, Settlement act, Multi-level governance, Local level
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-44877 (URN)10.1007/s12134-021-00864-8 (DOI)000668038200001 ()2-s2.0-85109001775 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-08-17 Laget: 2021-08-17 Sist oppdatert: 2024-02-05bibliografisk kontrollert
Osanami Törngren, S., Emilsson, H., Khoury, N., Maviga, T., Irastorza, N., Hutcheson, D. S. & Bevelander, P. (2022). Measuring refugee integration policies in Sweden: Results from the National Integration Evaluation Mechanism 2021. Malmö university
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Measuring refugee integration policies in Sweden: Results from the National Integration Evaluation Mechanism 2021
Vise andre…
2022 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Malmö university, 2022. s. 68
Serie
NIEM National Report ; 2021
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-51181 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-04-28 Laget: 2022-04-28 Sist oppdatert: 2023-01-18bibliografisk kontrollert
Meer, N., Dimaio, C., Hill, E., Angeli, M., Öberg, K. & Emilsson, H. (2021). Governing displaced migration in Europe: housing and the role of the “local”. Comparative Migration Studies, 9(1), Article ID 2.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Governing displaced migration in Europe: housing and the role of the “local”
Vise andre…
2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: Comparative Migration Studies, ISSN 2214-8590, E-ISSN 2214-594X, Vol. 9, nr 1, artikkel-id 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This article will explore the extent to which a focus on the ‘local’ can tell us something meaningful about recent developments in the governance of displaced migrants and refugees. Taking a multi-sited approach spanning cases in the south and north of Europe, we consider how the challenge of housing and accommodation in particular, a core sector of migrant reception and integration, can shed light on the ways local and city level approaches may negotiate, and sometimes diverge from, national level policy and rhetoric. While it can be said that despite variation, local authorities are by definition ultimately ‘always subordinate’ (Emilsson, Comparative Migration Studies, 3: 1-17, 2015: 4), they can also show evidence of ‘decoupling’ across geographies of policy delivery (Pope and Meyer, European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology, 3: 280–305, 2016: 290). This article traces how possible local variations in different European cases are patterned by ground-level politics, local strategic networks, and pre-existing economic resources in a manner that is empirically detailed through the study of housing.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2021
Emneord
Europe, Governance, Housing, Local, Migration, Refugees
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-42693 (URN)10.1186/s40878-020-00209-x (DOI)000702199400001 ()33520661 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85099971601 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-06-03 Laget: 2021-06-03 Sist oppdatert: 2024-02-05bibliografisk kontrollert
Qi, H., Irastorza, N., Emilsson, H. & Bevelander, P. (2021). Integration policy and refugees' economic performance: Evidence from Sweden's 2010 reform of the introduction programme. International migration (Geneva. Print), 59(4), 42-58
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Integration policy and refugees' economic performance: Evidence from Sweden's 2010 reform of the introduction programme
2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: International migration (Geneva. Print), ISSN 0020-7985, E-ISSN 1468-2435, Vol. 59, nr 4, s. 42-58Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we investigate whether integration policy improves refugees' economic performance, specifically examining the effects on refugees' income of Sweden's 2010 reform of the introduction programme (or IP). We also evaluate how the reform effects vary depending on refugees' gender and educational attainment. Our key finding shows a strong positive effect of the reform on refugees' income, immediately after the completion of the IP. More importantly, this positive effect intensifies over time, with no signs of diminishing, which implies a longer-term effect of the reform. Furthermore, the effects of the reform do not significantly vary between men and women or between the highly educated and the less-educated, suggesting that the new Swedish IP benefits refugees to the same extent, regardless of their gender and educational attainment.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
John Wiley & Sons, 2021
Emneord
economic performance, education, gender, integration policy, introduction program, refugee
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-40477 (URN)10.1111/imig.12813 (DOI)000608852900001 ()2-s2.0-85100096746 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-02-08 Laget: 2021-02-08 Sist oppdatert: 2024-02-05bibliografisk kontrollert
Emilsson, H. & Mozetič, K. (2021). Intra-EU youth mobility, human capital and career outcomes: the case of young high-skilled Latvians and Romanians in Sweden (ed.). Journal of ethnic and migration studies, 47(8), 1811-1828
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Intra-EU youth mobility, human capital and career outcomes: the case of young high-skilled Latvians and Romanians in Sweden
2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 47, nr 8, s. 1811-1828Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the relationship between human capital and career outcomes using the case of highly skilled young Latvians and Romanians in Sweden. As a non-English-speaking country with regulated labour markets, the Swedish case provides a contrast to previous studies on EU10 to EU15 mobility that usually focus on English-speaking receiving countries with less regulated labour markets. Thirty-eight semi-structured interviews are analysed from a life-course perspective to map the education and career trajectories before and after their mobility. Three career trajectories are found: match, re-skilling, and de-skilling. Most young migrants tend to prioritize general, rather than country specific, human capital investments, which negatively affects their career outcomes. The results highlight the importance of individual human capital investment choices as well as structural opportunities in receiving countries for understanding the relationship between human capital and career outcomes for young EU-migrants.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Routledge, 2021
Emneord
Intra-EU mobility, Human Capital, career trajectories, Life-course perspective
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1416 (URN)10.1080/1369183X.2019.1679413 (DOI)000500848300001 ()2-s2.0-85075470215 (Scopus ID)30506 (Lokal ID)30506 (Arkivnummer)30506 (OAI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-02-27 Laget: 2020-02-27 Sist oppdatert: 2024-02-06bibliografisk kontrollert
Lulle, A., Janta, H. & Emilsson, H. (2021). Introduction to the Special Issue: European youth migration: human capital outcomes, skills and competences (ed.). Journal of ethnic and migration studies, 47(8), 1725-1739
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Introduction to the Special Issue: European youth migration: human capital outcomes, skills and competences
2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 47, nr 8, s. 1725-1739Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Human capital has been long an exceedingly important concept in migration research. Over time there have been attempts to provide more nuanced, and less economistic interpretations of human capital. Based on outputs from the EU Horizon 2020 project YMOBILITY (2015–2018) and two additional papers, this Special Issue seeks to advance this agenda further by addressing the complexities of the mobility of human capital. Migration problematises human capital assumptions due to challenges in transferring human capital across national borders. In this introductory paper we propose rethinking the human capital of migrants in a three-fold way. Firstly, we question the interpretation of skills and competences beyond the conventional divide of ‘higher-skilled’ and ‘lower-skilled’ through the concept of a ‘knowledgeable migrant’. Secondly, we probe deeper into an understanding of the transferability of skills in relation to ‘location’, exploring the possibilities and constraints to the transfer of human capital in different spatial contexts. Thirdly, we theorise human capital in terms of new temporalities of migration and the role these play in skill acquisition. We illustrate our novel theoretical thinking with selected empirical data, both quantitative and qualitative, on youth mobility in Europe.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Routledge, 2021
Emneord
Human capital, Youth mobility, Migration, Skills, Competences
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-2031 (URN)10.1080/1369183X.2019.1679407 (DOI)000498081700001 ()2-s2.0-85075346010 (Scopus ID)30511 (Lokal ID)30511 (Arkivnummer)30511 (OAI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-02-27 Laget: 2020-02-27 Sist oppdatert: 2024-02-06bibliografisk kontrollert
Bevelander, P. & Emilsson, H. (2021). One size fits all?: Integration approaches for beneficiaries of international protection. Malmö: Malmö universitet
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>One size fits all?: Integration approaches for beneficiaries of international protection
2021 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This thematic paper deals with integration policies concerning persons who aregranted international protection in EU Member States. It acknowledges that there are two general trends in integration policies - a civic turn and a local turn. The civic turn implies more integration requirements for migrants, decided upon by the state, that have an impact on the legal status of migrant newcomers. On the other hand, the local turn implies less national involvement with cities instead handling more of the integration policies, including funding and policy measures.

The paper then describes four different models for the integration of beneficiaries of international protection: a national government-led model, a project based/multilevel governance model, a laissez-faire model, and a NGO-led model.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Malmö: Malmö universitet, 2021
Serie
MIM Working Paper Series ; 21:1
Emneord
Labour market integration, Refugees, Introduction programs, Integration policy
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-40890 (URN)10.24834/isbn.9789178771745 (DOI)978-91-7877-174-5 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-02-26 Laget: 2021-02-26 Sist oppdatert: 2021-02-26bibliografisk kontrollert
Emilsson, H., Angeli, M., Elia, A., Meer, N. & Peace, T. (2021). The impact of multilevel policy and governance: A comparative study of access to language training in Cosenza, Glasgow, Malmö, and Nicosia. Malmö: Malmö universitet
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The impact of multilevel policy and governance: A comparative study of access to language training in Cosenza, Glasgow, Malmö, and Nicosia
Vise andre…
2021 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Access to language training is often a challenge for persons granted international protection in EU-countries. This article investigates language provision for refugees from a policy and governance perspective. The goal is to explain the local differences in language training provisions in EU countries. We use a most different cases approach including Cosenza in Italy, Glasgow in Scotland, Malmö in Sweden and Nicosia in Cyprus. We find that the combination of state policies and governance do explain differences in local access to language training. The results also strongly indicate that local governments are dependent on support from higher levels of government to secure training opportunities. The state is still the main actor, and its choices of policies and governance instruments are central for understanding differences in language provision for refugees in EU member states. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Malmö: Malmö universitet, 2021. s. 25
Serie
MIM Working Paper Series ; 21:3
Emneord
Integration, multi-level governance, refugees, language training
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-48208 (URN)10.24834/isbn.9789178772445 (DOI)978-91-7877-244-5 (ISBN)
Prosjekter
Glimer
Merknad

This work was supported by GLIMER ‘Governance and Local Integration of Migrants and Europe’s Refugees’, a Joint Programme Initiative (JPI)under the H2020 and was selected for funding by ERA-NET Cofund Smart Urban Futures.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-12-16 Laget: 2021-12-16 Sist oppdatert: 2021-12-16bibliografisk kontrollert
Prosjekter
GLIMER - Governance and Local Integration of Migrants and Europe’s Refugees; Malmö universitetInternational Migration and Urban Development (IMUD) Panel; Malmö universitet
Organisasjoner